地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 2329-2342.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201512011

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清代中期建设用地数据恢复与空间网格化重建:方法与实证

林忆南1(), 金晓斌1,2(), 杨绪红1, 龙瀛2,3, 郭贝贝1, 韩娟1, 周寅康1,2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京大学自然资源研究中心,南京 210023
    3. 北京市城市规划设计研究院,北京 100045
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-19 修回日期:2015-10-16 出版日期:2015-12-24 发布日期:2015-12-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:林忆南(1991- ),女,浙江舟山人,硕士,主要从事土地资源管理研究。E-mail: lin_yinan@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2011CB952001);国家自然科学基金项目(41340016)

Data set establishment and spatial reconstruction of built-up area in the Mid Qing Dynasty: Method and case study

Yinan LIN1(), Xiaobin JIN1,2(), Xuhong YANG1, Ying LONG2,3, Beibei GUO1, Juan HAN1, Yinkang ZHOU1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Natural Resources Research Center of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Beijing Institute of City Planning, Beijing 100045, China
  • Received:2015-05-19 Revised:2015-10-16 Online:2015-12-24 Published:2015-12-31

摘要:

以典型历史断面下的建设用地为研究对象,采用数量重建控制下的空间格局重建思路,尝试构建一套适用于清代中期建设用地(城镇用地和农村聚落用地)的重建方法。其中,城镇用地主要基于城垣周长、城池形态进行数量重建,以历史治所为中心,以城池形态为控制边界,进行空间配置;农村聚落用地主要基于农村人口、户均居住用地需求进行数量重建,以潜在农村居民点重心为中心,考虑用地宜居性和连片性等特征进行空间重建。在理论分析的基础上,选取历史资料较为丰富的1820年为研究期,恢复了江苏省建设用地数据,共1006.45 km2,其中城镇用地222.51 km2,农村聚落用地783.93 km2,重建形成了100 m×100 m空间网格下的建设用地空间格局,并验证了重建结果的合理性。

关键词: 建设用地, 网格, 重建, 清代中期, 江苏

Abstract:

Human-induced land use/cover change (LUCC) has significant effects on the climatic and ecological processes at both global and regional scales, especially in the last 300 years. It is an important driving force of global environmental change and has been one of the hot topics of international concerns. Since the modernization started after industrial revolution, the expansion of built-up areas (construction land) profoundly changed the status of LUCC and made the landscape of urban areas become a notable feature of a certain region. Limited by the available data, reconstruction of historical built-up areas confronts with some difficulties. Supported by the data of historical records, modern statistical and natural resources, the method of reconstructing historical construction land (urban land and rural residential land) of the typical time section in the mid-Qing Dynasty was proposed in this paper. We reconstructed the scale and spatial pattern of urban land by using data including the perimeter of ancient city wall, the shape of the city and the points of city location. Meanwhile, the characteristics of livability and continuity of land, rural population, per capita living space requirements, and the points of potential rural settlements were used as the foundation for rural residential land reconstruction. Based on the theoretical analysis, this study took Jiangsu Province as the study case and chose the year of 1820 as the research year for the availability of historical data. A spatial distribution of construction land with a resolution of 100 m×100 m was finally established. The results showed that: (1) Under the circumstances of lacking effective data, it is a viable attempt to reconstruct the spatial pattern of historical construction land by exploring the most potential of historical documents and making proper deduction based on the modern construction land patterns. (2) As for relative factors calculation, the differences in features of combination of towns, the urbanization rate, farming radius and residential patterns should be considered. At the same time, different historical situations of each area should be taken into account in order to determine the scale and spatial pattern of land rationally. (3) The total area of construction land of Jiangsu Province in 1820 was 1006.84 km2, in which urban land was 222.90 km2 and rural residential land was 783.93 km2. Compared with related studies, the main difference came from research assumptions and computation basis of study units.

Key words: construction land, grid, reconstruction, mid-Qing dynasty, Jiangsu province