地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 148-162.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201601013

所属专题: 人地系统

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农村人口流动中的“人地关系”与迁入地创业行为的影响因素

冯建喜1(), 汤爽爽2(), 杨振山3   

  1. 1. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
    2. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,人文地理研究中心,南京 210046
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,区域可持续发展分析与模拟实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-12 修回日期:2015-11-25 出版日期:2016-01-23 发布日期:2016-01-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:冯建喜(1983- ),男,陕西定边人,博士,副研究员,研究方向为居民时空空间行为、老龄化社会及人口地理学。E-mail: jxfup@nju.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401175,41401150,41530751);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20141325);中国科学院青年创新促进会会员项目(2014042)

Determinants of entrepreneurial behavior of rural migrants in urban society: From the perspective of 'human-environment relationship'

Jianxi FENG1(), Shuangshuang TANG2(), Zhenshan YANG3   

  1. 1. Department of Urban Planning and Design, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Research Center of Human Geography, School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nangjing 210046, China
    3. Key Lab of Analysis and Simulation of Regional Sustainable Development, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-06-12 Revised:2015-11-25 Online:2016-01-23 Published:2016-01-23

摘要:

基于“人地关系”视角下的农村流动人口创业行为影响机制理论模型,并辅之以江苏省的实证研究,从“环境”和“个体”两个方面解读其对农村流动人口迁入地创业行为的影响。采用2010年江苏省城镇暂住人口的抽样调查数据,通过二元Logistic模型发现,农村流动人口的个人经济社会特征及其所处的社会、文化、城市环境均对其创业行为产生影响。特别是城市环境方面,城市总人口规模和农村流动人口规模对农村流动人口的创业行为具有反向影响;控制规模之后,在户口含金量越高的地区,农村流动人口创业的可能性越低,这反映了中国特殊的制度环境对农民工创业行为的影响。

关键词: 农村流动人口, 人地关系, 创业行为, 二元Logistic模型, 江苏

Abstract:

China has experienced fast urbanization for more than three decades and now it is the key time to promote the quality of urbanization through accommodating rural migrants in urban destinations orderly and properly. The entrepreneurship of rural migrants in urban destinations could increase their incomes and provide more opportunities for interaction and communication with local residents and therefore is considered as an efficient means to enhance social integration of the migrants. However, in domestic scientific community, existing studies mainly focus on the entrepreneurship of rural migrants in rural origins while in international debates, too much emphasis is placed on the entrepreneurial behavior of immigrants and ethnic groups. Studies focusing on the entrepreneurship of rural migrants in urban destinations and its determinants are rather limited. This paper therefore first proposes a theoretic model of entrepreneurial behavior of rural migrants in urban destinations through the perspective of 'human-environment relationship' and then takes Jiangsu province as an empirical case to demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of the theoretic model. Based on the '2010 Migrant Survey in Jiangsu province', this paper employs binary logistic model to investigate the determinants of entrepreneurial behaviors of rural migrants in urban destinations. This paper has several findings. Firstly, both the social-economic features of rural migrants and the social, cultural and urban environments are observed to have influences on the entrepreneurial behaviors of rural migrants in urban destinations. Secondly, the urban factors, such as urban labor market and urban economic structure, exert more profound influences on the entrepreneurial behaviors of migrants than the difference in cultural and societal contexts of original places, which are in contrast to the findings of existing studies on the entrepreneurship of immigrants and ethnic groups in destinations. Thirdly, this paper finds that the special institutional schemes of China also have significant influences on the entrepreneurial behaviors of rural migrants, particularly the hukou arrangement tends to reduce the possibilities of the entrepreneurship of rural migrants in urban destinations.

Key words: entrepreneurship behavior, human-environment relationship, rural migrants, binary logistic model, Jiangsu