地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 184-194.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201601016

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江南丘陵区乡村聚落空间演化及重构——以赣南地区为例

陈永林1,2(), 谢炳庚1()   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,长沙 410081
    2. 赣南师范学院地理与规划学院,客家文化研究院,赣州 341000
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-18 修回日期:2015-10-25 出版日期:2016-01-23 发布日期:2016-01-27
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈永林(1977- ),男,江西兴国人,副教授,博士研究生,主要研究方向为乡村地理与土地利用。E-mail: gnsycyl@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    江西省高校人文社会科学项目(SH1401);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(14JJD720016);江西省2011客家文化传承与发展协同创新项目(KD201503);江西省社科规划项目(15SH10);赣南师范学院重点学科项目

The spatial evolution and restructuring of rural settlements in Jiangnan hilly region:A case study in South Jiangxi

Yonglin CHEN1,2(), Binggeng XIE1()   

  1. 1. Department of Resources and Environment, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. Department of Geography and Planning, Institute of Hakka Culture, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou 341000, Jiangxi, China
  • Received:2015-05-18 Revised:2015-10-25 Online:2016-01-23 Published:2016-01-27

摘要:

以江南丘陵区的赣南地区为研究区,以DEM数据和1995年、2013年赣南地区的遥感图像为数据源,基于GIS空间分析方法,分析了赣南地区乡村聚落的空间分布与演化规律,探讨了其影响因素、基本模式及过程机制,提出了不同发展阶段的乡村聚落空间重构基本思路。研究表明赣南乡村聚落空间分布与演化呈现出以下特点:数量、规模及密度均较小,但有扩大的演化趋势,集中分布在海拔为200~600 m之间、坡度<15°的低山盆地、河谷阶地等地区及道路和河流沿线;聚落空间分布与演化的影响因素主要有自然因素和社会人文因素;聚落空间演化有六种模式,低地指向、经济指向、中心地指向、交通/河流指向、文化指向及功能指向是聚落演化的动力;乡村聚落空间重构是指聚落空间结构的重新布局与调整,其基本思路是初期进行景观要素的重建,中期进行聚落结构上的重组,后期最终实现聚落功能上的重塑。

关键词: 乡村聚落, 空间演化, 空间重构, 江南丘陵区, 赣南地区

Abstract:

This paper studied the spatial evolution of rural settlements in hilly region in South Jiangxi, covering its spatial distribution patterns, influencing factors, the basic types, and its mechanism in different development stages. The data are employed from DEM, and remote sensing images in 1995 and 2013. The methods are mainly based on GIS. The results show that the spatial distribution and evolution of rural settlements are characterized by smaller number, scale and density, but with an increasing trend. Most of the settlements are scattered in the regions with altitudes between 200 m and 600 m, basins with slopes below 15°, and some hilly valleys and terraces along roads and rivers. Its spatial evolution has 6 models, which are driven by low lands, economic activities, central place function, traffic or rivers direction, cultural and functional influence. The spatial reconstruction of rural settlements refers to relaying out and adjusting the settlements spatial structures. The basic purpose of the research is to reconstruct the landscape elements and the structure of settlement, and eventually restore the function of the settlements in the near future.

Key words: rural settlements, spatial evolution, spatial restructuring, Jiangnan hilly region, South Jiangxi