地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 271-284.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201602006

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

内蒙古草地NPP变化特征及其对气候变化敏感性的CENTURY模拟研究

郭灵辉1(), 郝成元1(), 吴绍洪2,3, 赵东升2,3, 高江波2,3   

  1. 1. 河南理工大学测绘与国土信息工程学院,焦作 454000
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-16 修回日期:2015-12-08 出版日期:2016-02-20 发布日期:2016-03-07
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郭灵辉(1983- ),男,河南宜阳人,博士,主要从事气候变化与生态系统风险评估研究。E-mail: guolinghui@hpu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家十二五科技支撑计划(2012BAC19B04,2012BAC19B10);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2011CB403206)

Analysis of changes in net primary productivity and its susceptibility to climate change of Inner Mongolian grasslands using the CENTURY model

Linghui GUO1(), Chengyuan HAO1(), Shaohong WU2,3, Dongsheng ZHAO2,3, Jiangbo GAO2,3   

  1. 1. School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, Henan, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-07-16 Revised:2015-12-08 Online:2016-02-20 Published:2016-03-07

摘要:

气候变化及其对植被净初级生产力的影响是全球变化研究的核心内容之一。基于空间化的CENTURY生物过程模型,分析1981-2010年内蒙古草地净初级生产力(NPP)的时空演变规律及其对关键气候因子的敏感性特征。结果表明:近30年内蒙古草地大部分区域NPP呈下降态势但趋势并不显著,全区平均降速约为1.17 g C/m2·a;NPP年代际变化时空差异较大,1980s至1990s约69.65%的区域NPP下降,1990s至2000s NPP下降加剧,下降面积较前者扩大了17.50%;NPP对降水与温度的敏感性特征空间异质性较强,但总体上区域降水减少可能是近30年内蒙古草地NPP下降的主要因素,温度升高同样会导致草地NPP下降,但作用程度较小。

关键词: 气候变化, 草地, 净初级生产力(NPP), 敏感性, 内蒙古

Abstract:

Climate change significantly influences regional terrestrial carbon balances. The grasslands of Inner Mongolia, located within the mid-Eurasian continental steppe zone, play an important role in the study of global change processes in the context of their particular geographical location, characterized by climatic variability and a complex natural environment. In this study, a CENTURY-based modeling system (converting the CENTURY model from a site-based model to a spatial model) was used to investigate climate change -- driven spatiotemporal variations in the vegetation net primary production (NPP) within Inner Mongolian grasslands from 1981 to 2010. Our simulation indicated that the NPP has decreased over the majority (88.62%) of the Inner Mongolian grasslands since 1981, at an average rate of 1.17 g C/m2·a over the entire area. However, there is significant decadal variability. From the 1980s to 1990s, some 69.65% of the domain experienced a reduction in the decadal average NPP, while the NPP decreased over 81.84% of the total area from the 1990s to 2000s, suggesting the worsening status of vegetation in recent decades. At the regional scale, changes in precipitation and temperature respectively accounted for 78% and 22% of the NPP decrease; however, their relative contributions were not constant across the study area or across different grassland types.

Key words: climate change, grasslands, NPP, susceptibility, Inner Mongolia