地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 885-897.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201605007

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国典型农区县域社会不平等空间模式与地域差异——以河南省为例

高军波1,2(), 刘彦随1, 乔伟峰3, 张永显2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 信阳师范学院城市与环境科学学院,信阳 464000
    3. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-10 修回日期:2016-04-13 出版日期:2016-05-10 发布日期:2016-05-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:高军波(1979- ),男,河南信阳人,博士,副教授,研究方向为区域农业与农村发展、城市社会地理学。E-mail: gaojb@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA021);国家自然科学基金项目(41401171);国家留学基金项目([2013]5045);教育部人文社会科学项目(14YJCZH028)

Spatial pattern and regional differentiation of county-level social inequality in typical agricultural areas of China: A case study of Henan province

Junbo GAO1,2(), Yansui LIU1, Weifeng QIAO3, Yongxian ZHANG2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Department of Urban and Environment Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, Henan, China
    3. Department of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2016-01-10 Revised:2016-04-13 Online:2016-05-10 Published:2016-05-10

摘要:

以河南省为例,从社会剥夺视角系统检测了传统农区粮食连增背景下县域社会不平等空间模式、地域差异及形成机制。结果表明:河南省县域社会不平等强度整体较高,社会发展水平呈西高东低格局,总体上形成核心—边缘半环形空间结构。河南省县域社会不平等地域差异特征显著,中原城市群社会发展水平最高,但县区间差距最大;豫东地区县域社会发展呈较低水平空间均衡,粮食主产县区的“粮财倒挂”和“粮食与民生倒挂”现象并存;农村县域社会发展水平显著滞后于城市辖区,但其县区间差距更大,约为城市辖区的2倍。河南省县域社会不平等空间格局受区域经济发展、社会政策、空间战略及历史发展路径依赖等因素共同影响,有着显著社会经济综合转型的结构性特征。

关键词: 县域社会不平等, 社会剥夺, 典型农区, 河南省

Abstract:

Equality is a critical issue that regional social and economic development and policy-making has paid much attention to, which is also regarded as a core factor influencing the stable growth of grain production and sustainable development of traditional agriculture. Taking Henan province as a case area, the spatial pattern, regional differentiation and forming mechanism of social inequality at county level in traditional agriculture area are systematically researched from the perspective of social deprivation. Results show that the intensity of social inequality at county level in Henan represents a higher level as a whole. The social development level has generally shaped a sort of core-periphery semi-circular spatial structure with high value in the west and low value in the east. The regional differentiation of social inequality presents a significant feature with the highest level of social development in Zhongyuan urban agglomeration, where maximum development gap among the counties, however, exists. The social development in eastern Henan shows a low-level spatial equilibrium with the coexistence of inversion phenomenon between grain production and government receipts and grain production and people’s livelihood. The social development level in rural counties obviously lags behind that in urban areas, whereas, the gaps among rural counties is twice as much as that among urban areas. This trend is significantly different from coastal developed areas. The spatial pattern of social inequality at county level in Henan driven by the factors, such as regional economic development, social policies, spatial strategy, and path dependence, is tabbed the constitutive characteristic in the period of comprehensive socio-economic transformation in China. Consequently, three steps on how to narrow the gap of social inequality among counties are proposed. First, based on the geographical characteristics, the mode of agricultural production should be transformed, agricultural science and technology should be supported and the county economy should be forcefully developed in order to increase the income of rural residents. Second, the level of public service should be improved and the spatial distribution of facilities should be optimized in order to narrow the gap between rural and urban areas. Third, the proportion of non-agricultural population should be increased at county level and new-pattern urbanization construction in typical agricultural areas should be promoted.

Key words: county-level social inequality, social deprivation, typical agricultural areas, Henan province