地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 977-991.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201605014

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市创意旅游资源空间效应及发展模式——以苏州市中心城区为例

刘昌雪1, 汪德根2   

  1. 1. 苏州市职业大学教育与人文学院,苏州 215019
    2. 苏州大学旅游系,苏州 215123
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-06 修回日期:2016-03-04 出版日期:2016-05-10 发布日期:2016-05-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘昌雪(1978- ),女,安徽阜阳人,副教授,主要研究旅游市场和城市旅游。E-mail: liucx78@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271134);江苏省高校2016年度青蓝工程项目;苏州市职业大学成果创新科研项目(SVU2015CGCX12)

Spatial effects and development pattern of creative tourism resource:A case study of center city of Suzhou

Changxue LIU1, Degen WANG2   

  1. 1. School of Education and Humanities, Suzhou Vocational University, Suzhou 215019, China
    2. Tourism Department of Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
  • Received:2015-11-06 Revised:2016-03-04 Online:2016-05-10 Published:2016-05-23

摘要:

随着创意经济的兴起和旅游者需求的变化,发展创意旅游日益成为消费热点和推动旅游业转型升级的有效途径。创意旅游资源是创意旅游发展的基础,其产生的空间效应是区域旅游研究的重要内容,对提升区域旅游竞争力具有重要意义。以苏州中心城区为例,综合运用最近邻指数、不平衡指数、核密度分析和使用者温度计量模型等方法,深入研究城市创意旅游资源空间效应。结果显示:① 创意旅游资源的融入使苏州中心城区整体和各区域的旅游资源空间分布集聚度增大,但各区域增大程度和资源空间分布状态变化不同;② 融入创意旅游资源后苏州中心城区整体旅游资源区域分布呈集中态势,且分布的均衡度降低;③ 创意旅游资源的融入促进了区域旅游资源空间效应的发挥,苏州中心城区由以姑苏区为“单核心”的“众星拱月”空间格局转变为以姑苏区—工业园区为“双核心”的“日月同辉”空间格局,从而实现苏州中心城区“双核”旅游空间发展模式。

关键词: 创意旅游资源, 空间效应, “双核”空间模式, 苏州中心城区

Abstract:

With the rise of creative economy and changes in tourist demands, the development of creative tourism has become a consumption hotspot as well as an effective way to promote transformation and upgrading of tourism. As creative tourism resources are the foundation for creative tourism development, their spatial effect is an important area for regional tourism research; and they play an important role in enhancing the competitiveness of regional tourism. With a case study in the central city of Suzhou, this paper analyzes the spatial effect of creative tourism resources using a number of quantitative models including the nearest neighbor index, disequilibrium analysis index, kernel density, and user thermometric modeling. The result shows that, (1) The integration of creative tourism resources increases the concentration of tourism resources both in the whole city and in subareas of the central city, however, the increment and the spatial distribution of resources vary by subareas; (2) With the integration of the creative resources, the distribution of tourism resources in the central city of Suzhou becomes more concentrated and less balanced; (3) The integration of creative tourism resources greatly enhances the spatial effects of the regional tourism resources. And it converts the central city from a "single core" (Gusu District only) pattern into a "dual core" (Gusu District and Suzhou Industrial Park) pattern.

Key words: creative tourism resource, spatial effects, "dual core" spatial pattern, center city of Suzhou