地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (9): 1701-1713.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201609009

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

京沪沿线铁路网络系统职能分工研究

龙茂乾1,2(), 孟晓晨1, 李贵才1,2   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院,深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-04 修回日期:2016-06-09 出版日期:2016-09-10 发布日期:2016-09-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:龙茂乾(1989- ),男,山东济宁人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市经济与经济地理。E-mail: longmaoqianli@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171131)

Functional division research of railway network system along the Beijing-Shanghai Railway

Maoqian LONG1,2(), Xiaochen MENG1, Guicai LI1,2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2016-02-04 Revised:2016-06-09 Online:2016-09-10 Published:2016-09-23

摘要:

远程高铁、城际高铁和普通铁路三大系统组成的铁路网络系统将在未来发挥举足轻重的作用。基于京沪高铁和京沪铁路近4000份实地调研数据及实际客流,探讨客流流动格局,辨析三大铁路系统的分工。研究发现:① 高铁和普铁城市联系职能分工明显,前者主要服务于中心城市间联系,后者兼顾了普通城市间联系,后者是对前者的补充;② 城际高铁和远程高铁发生明显分工,城际高铁承担城镇群内城市间联系,释放远程高铁客运能力,从而使远程高铁承担各城镇群间联系;③ 相比于普通铁路,高铁旅客公费比例更高,商务出行更多,收入水平更高。研究结论可为修建城际高铁提供经验支持,也为分析高铁对区域城镇空间结构影响提供思路。

关键词: 京沪高铁, 普通铁路, 城际高铁, 城市, 客流

Abstract:

The Mid-to-Long Term Railway Development Plan (published in 2004, revised in 2008) is a milestone of the development of HSR in China. According to the plan, China will build two kinds of HSR lines: a long-distance type of HSR line that crosses the whole country, and a medium-length inter-city line that connects the cities in a specified mega-region. The rail networks, which consist of conventional rail, high-speed railway and inter-city rail, will play an increasingly important role in the future. Using the survey data of conventional railways and HSR along the Beijing-Shanghai railway, we examined the city linkage function and its division. Specifically, we reasoned the different roles of long-distance HSR and medium-length inter-city railway, based on the data before and after the operation of long-distance HSR. The results show that notable functional division have taken place between HSR and conventional rail. The Beijing-Shanghai HSR chiefly serves the passenger flow between central cities, and the conventional railway, in contrast, mainly serves ordinary cities. At the same time, the notable functional division also has taken place between long-distance HSR and medium-length inter-city railway. The majority of passengers among a specified mega-region is served by the inter-city railway, which consequently releases the capability of long-distance HSR, and undertake the connection function of cities in different mega-regions. Compared to conventional railway, the long-distance HSR passenger is characterized by higher proportion of free business travel and higher income. Our research supports the construction of medium-length inter-city railway, and a new thread of thought to the analysis of the effect of the long-distance HSR and medium-length inter-city railway on urban spatial structure is provided.

Key words: Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, conventional railway, inter-city railway, urban, passenger flow