地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (9): 1753-1766.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201609013

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

京津冀地区经济发展的空间溢出效应

张学波1,2(), 陈思宇1, 廖聪1, 宋金平1()   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京 100875
    2. 枣庄学院旅游与资源环境学院,枣庄 277160
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-21 修回日期:2016-05-16 出版日期:2016-09-10 发布日期:2016-09-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张学波(1982- ),男,山东冠县人,讲师,博士研究生,主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail: xuebozhang@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271132);国土资源部公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201211001);北京市科委科技创新战略研究及专家咨询项目(Z151100003115025)

Spatial spillover effects of regional economic growth in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region

Xuebo ZHANG1,2(), Siyu CHEN1, Cong LIAO1, Jinping SONG1()   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. School of Tourism and Resource Environment, Zaozhuang University, Zaozhuang 277160, Shandong, China
  • Received:2016-01-21 Revised:2016-05-16 Online:2016-09-10 Published:2016-09-10

摘要:

在实施京津冀协同发展战略的背景下,将修正的Conley-Ligon模型与空间马尔可夫链分析法相结合,探讨了京津冀县域经济发展过程中的溢出效应空间格局及其对经济水平空间格局演变的影响。研究发现:2000-2013年,京津冀地区的县域间存在显著的空间溢出效应,溢出效应在空间上呈现出与经济发展水平和空间距离紧密相关的具有梯次性特征的核心-外围结构,经济发达的地区发出正向溢出效应的同时也获取了正向溢出效应,但总体上县域溢出效应的类型以负向溢出为主;受溢出效应的空间格局和以负向溢出为主要类型的影响,京津冀县域经济水平类型发生转变的概率较小,经济水平较低的县域难以发生类型的转移,经济水平类型发生转移的县域多分布在地级以上城市市辖区的邻接地带;在邻接县域间显著的空间溢出效应作用下,相邻县域的经济水平类型的转移具有显著的同向性特征。

关键词: 京津冀, 空间溢出效应, Conley-Ligon模型, 空间马尔可夫链

Abstract:

Spatial spillover effect reflects the economic activities' contacts and interactions between regions, and it is often used to examine regional economic cooperation and the construction of regional integration. Various scholars have paid much attention to the spatial spillover effects and taken some areas as examples by using spatial econometrics model. In such research, however, researchers ignored the spatial heterogeneity and the spatial structure of the spillover effects among the research units. At present, the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region has become a national strategy. This paper chooses the region as a case to examine the spatial spillover effects at county level by combining the modified Conley-Ligon Model with spatial Markov chain methods. The results display the spatial pattern of spatial spillover effects and reveal its impacts on the transition of economic level types. Several conclusions are as follows. From 2000 to 2013, there are significant spatial spillover effects among counties in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the spatial spillover effects have the multi-level patterns among cities and the spatial core-periphery structure. Meanwhile, the spillover effect weakens from the central area to the peripheral area with the increase of distance, and the negative spillover effect is in the dominant position. The economically developed counties emit positive spillover effects and gain positive spillover effects at the same time. Ultimately, under the influence of spatial spillover effects, counties' economic level types are not likely to change, especially for underdeveloped counties. The counties whose economic level types have changed mostly adjoin the cities' built-up areas. The transition of economic level types has the same direction between the adjacent counties. There are some implications of the study: Beijing should play a core role in the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Space development should ensure the agglomeration economy. The peripheral region such as northwest, northeast and southeast parts should pay more attention to the construction of public service, like transportation, medical facility and so on. We should give an accurate orientation for each city, break the administrative barriers and promote the free flows of production factors so as to release more positive spillover effects among regions.

Key words: Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, spatial spillover effect, Conley-Ligon Model, spatial Markov chain