地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 1879-1886.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201610007

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西藏农牧区家庭生活用水特征及其影响因素

宋邦国1,2(), 赵彤彤1,2, 陈远生1()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-08 修回日期:2016-07-03 出版日期:2016-10-26 发布日期:2016-10-27
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宋邦国(1911- ),男,安徽安庆人,硕士,研究方向为西藏地表水安全。E-mail: hnesbg@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAC04B03)

Household water consumption and its influence factors in the agricultural and pastoral area, Tibet

Bangguo SONG1,2(), Tongtong ZHAO1,2, Yuansheng CHEN1()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-04-08 Revised:2016-07-03 Online:2016-10-26 Published:2016-10-27

摘要:

农村家庭用水结构调查与影响因素分析是分析农村用水情况,保障用水安全的基础。采用问卷调查和实测的方式获取西藏自治区9个县(市、区)的84个家庭的用水数据,对比分析不同家庭的用水量及用水结构,总结了西藏农村家庭用水的影响因素。研究表明:农村家庭人均生活用水量在33~38 L/d之间,家庭差异显著,主要集中在洗衣、洗菜、洗碗用水三项,家庭生活用水的主要用水项是卫生用水和厨房用水;生产方式与文化风俗习惯影响家庭用水水平,人口组成影响用水结构,常住人口数和家庭收入水平与家庭人均用水量呈现显著负相关。

关键词: 农村家庭用水, 用水结构, 影响因素, 西藏农牧区

Abstract:

The analysis of the household water consumption in rural area plays an important role in ensuring water security and relieving the contradictions between water supply and demand. In this paper, the analysis based on 84 households completed survey by questionnaire and actual measurement in 9 counties (cities, regions) in Tibet Autonomous Region. The comparison on different households has been made regarding to the water use behavior and consumption in agricultural and pastoral area.The characteristics of household water were obtained and the important influence factors to water use were also summarized.The results showed that the Tibet rural household water consumption ranged from 33 to 38 L/d, and the water consumption was significantly different among different families. The water consumption differences mainly concentrated in the laundry, vegetable-washing and dish-washing. Sanitary and kitchen water usage were occupied the most part of the daily water consumption. The household water consumption was affected by the mode of production and cultural customs, and the structure of water consumption was affected by family population composition. Household income and permanent population were negatively correlated with household per capita water use.

Key words: household water consumption, water consumption structure, influence factors, the agricultural and pastoral area, Tibet