地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 1983-1998.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201610016

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

生成周期视角下旅游业内部绩效评价及其影响机制——以张家界为例

麻学锋1,2(), 刘雨婧2,3   

  1. 1. 湖南商学院旅游管理学院,长沙 410205
    2. 吉首大学商学院,吉首 416000
    3. 铜仁学院经济与管理学院,铜仁 554300
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-16 修回日期:2016-07-05 出版日期:2016-10-26 发布日期:2016-10-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:麻学锋(1970- ),男,湖南凤凰人,博士,教授,硕士生导师,主要从事旅游经济运行研究。 E-mail: maxuefeng90@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41261024)

Tourism internal performance evaluation and its influence mechanism from the perspective of generation cycle: A case study of Zhangjiajie

Xuefeng MA1,2(), Yujing LIU2,3   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Management, Hunan Commerce University, Changsha 410205, China
    2. College of Business and Administration, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China
    3. College of Economic and Management, Tongren University, Tongren 554300, Guizhou, China
  • Received:2016-03-16 Revised:2016-07-05 Online:2016-10-26 Published:2016-10-26

摘要:

在旅游业绩效内涵及相关理论研究基础上,界定旅游业内部绩效概念及其特征,从产业生成周期视角,评价和探讨旅游业内部绩效及其影响机制。采用1989-2013年张家界旅游相关数据,结合小波分析、耦合—协调模型和路径分析等研究方法,研究发现:① 出现期,张家界旅游处于投入阶段,产业结构极度失调,高度化上下波动,内部绩效均值为1.199;② 生成期,旅游经济快速增长,结构合理性中度失调,高度化周期波动,内部绩效均值为6.265,经济绩效表现较好;③ 发展期,旅游经济绩效经历了三次下降,产业结构优质协调,高度化在调整中稳步前进,内部绩效均值为47.885,结构绩效表现较好;④ 影响机制:总体来说,经济水平、交通、旅游总需求社会固定资产和政府支出是主要影响因子,但不同阶段作用机理有所差异。研究对张家界旅游业理性发展及可持续发展具有一定科学指导意义。

关键词: 产业生成周期, 旅游业内部绩效, 影响机制, 张家界

Abstract:

Based on the connotation and theoretical research of tourism industry performance, this paper defined the concept and characteristics of tourism internal performance, used the related data of Zhangjiajie from 1989 to 2013 and combined with wavelet analysis, coupling coordination model and path analysis to evaluate and discuss the development level and influence mechanism of tourism internal performance from the perspective of industry generation cycle. The study arrives at the following results: Firstly, emerging stage demonstrated an extremely imbalanced tourism industrial structure in Zhangjiajie as its progress experienced ups and downs with internal performance mean value at 1.199; in addition, tourism was mainly invested in construction during this period. Secondly, in generation stage, the progress of tourism industrial structure presented periodic fluctuations with internal performance mean value at 6.265, the rapid growth of tourism economy and moderately imbalanced industrial structure brought improved economic performance. Thirdly, in developing stage, the performance of tourism economy experienced three decreases, industrial structure was coordinated with high quality, its high development progressed steadily in adjustment, the internal performance mean value was 47.885, and the structural performance was good. What's more, influence mechanism of tourism internal performance varied in different stages with economic development, transportation, total tourism demand, social fixed assets and government expenditure as the key influencing factors. Finally, according to the research conclusions, this paper puts forward the optimization on the tourism internal performance from the perspective of transportation, tourism investment, government and tourism industrial structure. It is hoped that the research has certain reference value for the rational and sustainable development of tourism in Zhangjiajie.

Key words: industry generation cycle, tourism internal performance, influence mechanism, Zhangjiajie