地理研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (11): 2001-2014.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201611001

• •    下一篇

中国新愿景下的文化与空间有机融合的地理途径与机遇

蔡建明1,2,3(), 林静1,2()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-17 修回日期:2016-09-23 出版日期:2016-11-25 发布日期:2016-11-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:蔡建明(1961- ),男,山西临猗人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事城市可持续发展研究。E-mail:caijm@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40971100)

New marriage of culture and space under China's new vision: Approach and opportunities from geographical perspective

Jianming CAI1,2,3(), Jing LIN1,2,3()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-06-17 Revised:2016-09-23 Online:2016-11-25 Published:2016-11-21

摘要:

随着全球化的深入发展,国家竞争力日益依赖于以科技为支撑的硬实力、以人才为源泉的智创力和以文化为核心的软实力,以及能吸引并承载这些关键要素的多尺度创新空间。这些空间既包括有利于产生和激发创新的地方或场所,又包括叠加交织在这些场所中能促发各种思想交流碰撞、各类社会关系构建的文化氛围和生态系统。因此,如何使文化作为一个关键要素根植于空间,进而打造出具有文化品位且能生产新文化的地方,正逐渐成为亟须研究的核心议题和学界所面临的一大挑战。本文首先基于对中国新愿景的解读和文化本质的辨析,呼唤中国迫切需要形成一种与其大国综合实力相匹配的新文化;之后,基于历史发展透视论述了如何通过文化根植打造新地方,以提升城市和国家的竞争力;最后,本文强调了地理学人应高度关注有关文化与地方相互作用的一系列新研究命题,以在这个以人本化为导向,追求舒适宜人性、城市性、流动性、通达性、人文性和安全性的时代,进一步优化创新空间并推动城市的可持续发展。为回应这一召唤,地理学需要扩展其研究视角,在继续关注宏观区域分析的基础上,更加着眼于微观空间/地方打造的研究。

关键词: 文化, 人本化空间, 文化根植, 地方创新, 地理科学

Abstract:

With the deepening of globalization, the national competitiveness is increasingly dependent on the S&T-pillared hard power, talent-sourced intellectual creativity and culture-centered soft power, as well as those multi-scale innovative spaces/places as accommodators. The spaces refer to not only the spatial entities which can help to foster and inspire innovation, but also the cultural ambience and innovation eco-system which are able to stimulate ideas exchange and social interaction. Therefore, how to implant the culture as a key element into space to make it a cultural and culturally-productive place, is gradually becoming the essential issue to be dealt with and big challenge to academic society. This paper thus tries to, first of all, based on the elaboration of China's new vision and the systematic literature review on culture essence, call for the desperate need for China to formulate its own new culture to be aligned with its comprehensive power in international arena. Then, based on the historical development perspective, it argues the importance and approach of how to create culture-embedded innovative local spaces for enhancing both the urban and national competitiveness. Lastly, the paper stresses that geographers should pay high attention to a series of new research topics on inter-relationship between culture and place, in an aim to further optimize the innovative place making and promote urban sustainable development in the human-oriented, urbanity-chasing and amenity-focused age. To response this summoning, geographic science needs to expand its research horizon to more focus on micro space and place making while continuously exploiting its advantage in a macro regional study.

Key words: culture, human-centric space, cultural embeddedness, innovation place making, geographic science