地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 109-120.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201701009

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

2009-2014年中国茶叶生产空间演变格局及变化特征

肖智1,2, 黄贤金1(), 孟浩1, 赵阳1   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 凯里学院环境与生命科学学院,凯里 556011
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-08 修回日期:2016-10-19 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:颜丙金(1985- ),男,河北邯郸人,讲师,主要从事书法景观、文化地理和黑色旅游研究。E-mail:xhxh_0101226@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目课题(2013BAJ13B02);凯里学院规划课题(Z1508)

Spatial structure and evolution of tea production in China from 2009 to 2014

Zhi XIAO1,2, Xianjin HUANG1(), Hao MENG1, Yang ZHAO1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. College of Environment and Life Science, Kaili University, Kaili 556011, Guizhou, China
  • Received:2016-06-08 Revised:2016-10-19 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20

摘要:

阐明茶叶生产格局的区域变化特征,对中国茶产业转移战略决策意义重大。运用GIS技术和重心理论分析2009-2014年中国茶园面积、茶叶产量、名优茶产量、茶叶产值及名优茶产值的区域分布特征及其重心移动轨迹,探讨重心轨迹空间演变的驱动因素,研究表明:① 中国茶叶生产地域差异明显,已形成西南茶区以云南、贵州、四川三省,江南茶区以浙江、湖北两省,华南茶区以福建省,江北茶区以河南省为主导的地域分工格局;福建、云南、浙江三省是中国茶产业大省。② 中国茶叶生产重心整体呈西移趋势。尽管不同指标的重心移动路径有一定的差异,但东茶西移已成定局。③ 在重心转移路径图上,某属性(如茶叶产值)重心移动距离的大小能直观地反映该属性在移向地区增长幅度的大小。④ 政府对茶产业的高度重视及政策的强力支持是中国茶园扩张的重要驱动力;茶区产品结构的优化、无性系良种茶园面积比例的提高、标准化生产及茶区机械化的普及是茶叶产量与名优茶产量增长的重要原因;茶叶产值及名优茶产值的增长主要来源于茶产业规模的扩大及品牌化经营。

关键词: 茶叶生产, 空间演变, 东茶西移, 重心转移

Abstract:

Understanding of the regional changes of production layout of tea can help the decision-making for a better strategy of tea production in China. In this paper, we analyze the spatial-temporal distribution of tea plantation acreage, tea yield, well-known tea yield, tea production value and the well-known tea value using the GIS technology and gravity center theory. Moreover, we discuss the driving forces of the dynamic evolution of their centers of gravity. The results indicate that there are evident regional differences in China's tea production. Four regional tea production centers (Southwest China tea area: Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan; Jiangnan tea area: Hubei and Zhejiang; Southern China tea area: Fujian; Jiangbei tea area: Henan) have been formed. Fujian, Yunnan and Zhejiang provinces are major regions of tea industry in China. The change of tea production center of gravity in China shows a trend of westward movement on the whole. Although there are some differences in the paths of different indicator centers of gravity, westward movement of the center of tea production is a foregone conclusion. The tea garden area gravity centers move toward the northwest. The output of normal tea and well-known tea gravity centers move toward the southwest. The tea production value and well-known tea production value gravity centers move toward the northwest as a whole. In terms of the moving range and moving speed, the tea production value and famous tea production value gravity centers are lagging behind the output of normal tea and the well-known tea gravity centers shift. On the transfer path of the center of gravity, the size of the center of gravity of some properties, such as tea production, can directly reflect the size of the growth of the attribute in the moving region. There are several factors that affect the spatial-temporal change of tea production center of gravity. First, the government attaches great importance to the development of the tea industry and strongly support the expansion of the tea plantation acreage in China. Second, the optimization of product structure, the increase of proportion of the clonal tea plantation acreage, standardized production and popularity of mechanization are the important reasons for the growth of production of normal tea and the well-known tea. Third, the added value of normal tea and the well-known tea are mainly resulted from the expansion of the scale of tea industry and the brand management.

Key words: tea production, spatial evolution, westward movement, shifting of gravity center