地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 241-253.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201702004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市群地区城乡一体化空间组织理论初探

贺艳华1(), 周国华1(), 唐承丽1, 谭雪兰1,2, 陈征1, 范曙光1   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,长沙 410081
    2. 湖南农业大学资源环境学院,长沙 410128
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-04 修回日期:2016-12-03 出版日期:2017-02-20 发布日期:2017-03-07
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:贺艳华(1982- ),女,副教授,主要从事城乡发展与土地利用方面研究。E-mail:zlgx888@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301192,41471145,41371144);湖南省教育厅优秀青年项目(14B110);湖南省重点学科地理学建设项目(2011001)

Theory on the spatial organization of urban-rural integration in urban agglomeration areas

Yanhua HE1(), Guohua ZHOU1(), Chengli TANG1, Xuelan TAN1,2, Zheng CHEN1, Shuguang FAN1   

  1. 1. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
  • Received:2016-09-04 Revised:2016-12-03 Online:2017-02-20 Published:2017-03-07

摘要:

城乡一体化的空间组织是以城乡一体化为目标的城乡空间组织过程与状态,主要通过促进城乡主体的互动以及各类要素在城乡之间的高效配置与有序流动,来建构城乡社会经济生态空间联系与相互作用秩序,以实现空间结构的优化与空间功能的提升。城市群地区是一个高度开放的复杂巨系统,其城乡一体化的空间组织较一般区域更为复杂。城市群地区多中心、高密度、强流动和网络化的特征决定了城乡一体化空间组织形态的网络化、空间组织尺度的层级性、空间要素流动的多向性、空间组织效应的叠加性、空间组织功能的多样性;城乡一体化空间组织的内容涉及城乡物质空间的建构、城乡要素系统的优化配置、城乡主体行为范式的确立、城乡地域功能的整合提升等四个方面;“集聚与扩散”、“冲突与均衡”、“协同与共生”三大机理,彼此关联,相互作用,共同推动城市群地区城乡一体化的空间组织优化;复杂网络与多智能体的集成分析可以有效诠释城乡一体化空间组织的过程与机理。

关键词: 城乡一体化空间组织, 城市群, 特征, 机理

Abstract:

The spatial organization of urban and rural integration, taking the integration of urban and rural areas as its goal, means the process of urban-rural spatial organization as well as its state. It constructs ecological, economic, social, spatial relationships and the interaction order between urban and rural areas through interaction of urban-rural subjects and efficient allocation and orderly flow of various elements, for the optimization of the spatial structure and function. Urban agglomeration is a highly open complex giant system, and the spatial organization of urban-rural integration is more complicated in these areas. The results show that: (1) Urban agglomeration is polycentric, high density, strong flow and networking, so the spatial organization of urban-rural integration is characterized by networking, hierarchy scale, multi-direction flowing elements, additive effect, diversity function, and so on. (2) The main tasks of the spatial organization of urban-rural integration include the construction of material space in urban-rural areas, the optimization and allocation of urban-rural element system, the establishment of main behavior model of urban-rural subjects, and the promotion of function in urban-rural areas. (3) "Agglomeration and diffusion", "conflict and balance" and "synergy and symbiosis" are the most important mechanisms, which interact with each other, connected to each other, and promote spatial organization of urban-rural integration to a better condition in the continuous cycle. (4) The integrated analysis of complex network and agent model is good for explaining the operation process and mechanism of the spatial organization of urban and rural integration.

Key words: spatial organization of urban and rural integration, urban agglomeration, characteristic, mechanism