地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 518-528.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201703010

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于生态安全导向的城市空间扩展模拟与分析

文雅1(), 龚建周2(), 胡银根3, 胡志仁2   

  1. 1. 华南农业大学资源环境学院,广州 510642
    2. 广州大学地理科学学院,广州 510006
    3. 华中农业大学土地管理学院,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-15 修回日期:2017-01-17 出版日期:2017-03-20 发布日期:2017-03-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:文雅(1969- ),女,湖南常德人,博士,副教授,主要从事为土地资源遥感研究。E-mail:wenyajx@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171070,41671175);广东高校省级重点平台和重大科研项目(2014KGJHZ009);广东省高等学校优秀青年教师培养计划资助项目(YQ2015127);广州市属高校科技计划项目(1201421103)

Simulation and analysis of urban land expansionconducted by ecological security

Ya WEN1(), Jianzhou GONG2(), Yingen HU3, Zhiren HU2   

  1. 1. College of Natural Resource & Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    3. College of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2016-09-15 Revised:2017-01-17 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-22

摘要:

进行城市空间扩展模拟分析研究,对于城市生态安全格局优化具有重要意义。基于 Dyna-CLUE模型进行广州市的城市空间扩展模拟与分析,结果表明:城市化到现阶段,政府采取的土地利用数量调控对城市空间扩展的影响较为重要,空间区划的引导作用相对不明显;建设用地聚集度持续增大,单位面积内的斑块数则先增后减,二者揭示出的景观特征不完全一致;城市空间是外缘、飞地式和内填式三种空间扩展模式共同作用的结果,但在1990-2005年以外缘和飞地式为主,在2005-2020年则以外缘和内填式为主,此时新增斑块与原有斑块的建设用地连成大斑块,单位斑块上的建设用地数量呈降势,前后两个时段内,城市由“摊大饼”外延式逐渐转向集约节约的内填式扩展,城市生态文明建设初显成效。

关键词: 城市空间扩展, Dyna-CLUE模型, 扩展模式, 生态安全导向, 广州市

Abstract:

Urban land expansion can be considered as direct manifestation of the regional space of urbanization, which is also a key ecological process that affects the urban ecological security patterns. It is of great significance to optimize urban ecological security patterns through simulation and forecast researches on the basis of ecological security oriented spatial expansion of cities. This paper tried to forecast urban landscape transition by establishing an ecological security oriented simulation model with Guangzhou as the sample site based on the framework of Dyna-CLUE model so as to explore the urban land expansion patterns. The results lead to three main conclusions: (1) The quantitative regulation of land use by government is more important than space zoning with the goal of ecological security under present urbanization level. (2) The percentage of adjacent index indicates a trend of aggregation of construction land patches while the patch density index shows another trend of increase then decrease, which reveals some kind of variation of urban spatial characteristics. (3) The results of analysis on landscape patterns and urban land expansion modes reveal that three urban expansion modes, namely infilling, edge-expanding and leapfrogging, have common effects on the city's space. And during 1990-2005, edge-expanding and leapfrogging are the main urban expansion modes while from 2005 to 2020 edge-expanding and infilling have become the main modes. In the former period, urban expansion results in a large number of construction land patches due to the increase of aggregation and patch number per unit area. In the latter period, urban expansion continues with land-use transition from non-construction to construction land use with the trend of aggregation. However, as urban expansion modes are changing, many patches of construction land, including existing patches and newly added patches, will be connected with others. That is the reason why no increase of patch quantity per unit area has been observed for the patch density index. Together with pattern analysis, these results show that the urban expansions have changed from edge-expanding mode in external surrounding area to in-filling mode with intensive and economical internal expansion, which indicates a preliminary success of construction of urban ecological civilization.

Key words: urban expansion, Dyna-CLUE model, modes of urban expansion, ecological security oriented, Guangzhou