地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 803-823.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201705001

• 观点与争鸣 •    

中国旅游地理研究:在他乡与故乡之间

保继刚1,2(), 张捷3, 徐红罡1,2, 章锦河3, 陈田4, 张国友5, 陆林6, 黄震方7, 翁时秀2,8, 孙九霞1,2, 罗秋菊1,2, 钟林生4, 马晓龙9, 张宏磊3, 白凯10, 李山11, 韩国圣12, 张朝枝1,2   

  1. 1. 中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
    2. 中山大学旅游发展与规划研究中心,广州 510275
    3. 南京大学国土资源与旅游学系,南京 210093
    4. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    5. 中国地理学会,北京 100101
    6. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,芜湖 241002
    7. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    8. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    9. 南开大学旅游与服务学院,天津 300350
    10. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院,西安 710119
    11. 华东师范大学地理信息科学教育部重点实验室,上海 200241
    12. 山东大学(威海)商学院,威海 264209
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-24 修回日期:2017-04-25 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:保继刚(1964- ),男,云南个旧人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为旅游地理与旅游规划。E-mail:eesbjg@mail.sysu.edu.cn; 其他作者为共同第二作者。

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571137,41471122)

Tourism geography in China: Between hometown and alien land

Jigang BAO1,2(), Jie ZHANG3, Honggang XU1,2, Jinhe Zhang3, Tian CHEN4, Guoyou ZHANG5, Lin LU6, Zhenfang HUANG7, Shixiu WENG2,8, Jiuxia SUN1,2, Qiuju LUO1,2, Linsheng ZHONG4, Xiaolong MA9, Honglei ZHANG3, Kai BAI10, Shan LI11, Guosheng HAN12, Chaozhi ZHANG1,2   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. Department of Land Resource and Tourism Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    5. The Geographical Society of China, Beijing 100101, China
    6. College of Territorial Resource and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
    7. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    8. School of Geography and Planning of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    9. College of Tourism and Service Management, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
    10. Tourism and Environment College of Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    11. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    12. School of Business, Shandong University (Weihai), Weihai 264209, Shandong, China
  • Received:2017-03-24 Revised:2017-04-25 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-22

摘要:

旅游地理学已经成为地理学一门相对独立的分支学科,也是地理学中发展最为迅速的分支学科之一。随着旅游地理研究的不断深入,在人文地理研究“文化转向”与“社会转向”的大背景下,旅游地理研究的“地理味”似乎越来越少,甚至被批评为“去地理化”“在奔往他乡的路上忘了故乡”。在此背景下,中国地理学会旅游地理专业委员会于2016年12月在广州中山大学进行研讨,反思与总结旅游地理过去30年的研究问题与学术贡献、学科特征以及如何实现代际转向。结论认为:① 旅游地理学并未真正远离故乡,只是地理学本身在发展与变化,旅游地理学要更好地适应新时期地理学的发展;② 旅游地理学的核心特征是包容与综合,不仅要有逻辑实证主义,还要有结构主义、人文主义等范式,其核心研究问题应该是流动性、空间尺度转换与人地关系;③ 旅游地理学者的代际转向已经不可避免,在学者们师承传递的背景下,旅游地理学出现了研究问题、学科认知和理论认知的转型,旅游地理学应该建立引领性问题体系,采取“合纵连横”的策略来壮大学术共同体。

关键词: 中国旅游地理学, 研究问题, 知识溢出, 学科特征, 代际转向

Abstract:

Tourism geography is increasingly to be one of geography branch disciplines. However, with the background of "culture turn" and "social turn" in human geography research, tourism geography is criticized for losing "the flavor of geography", or "de-geographization tendency", "forgetting the hometown on the way rushing to alien land". With these concerns, The Tourism Geographies Commission of China Geography Association organizes a seminar to reflect the tourism geographies research in the past decades, to discuss the academic contribution of tourism geography, the characteristics and the generational transition of tourism geography. The conclusions include: (1) Tourism geographies is not far away from home, but the hometown: geography itself is changing. Tourism geography must adapt to the geography development in the new era; (2) The key characteristics of tourism geography are comprehensive and inclusive. We should persist in not only logical positivism, but also constructionism and humanism paradigm. The key research questions include mobility, spatial scale transfer and human-place relation; (3) Generation transition in tourism geographers is inevitable, not only in the way of teacher-student relation transition, but also research question, disciplinary identification and theoretical shift. Tourism geography should have their own series of research questions, and generations of geographers work together to facilitate the academic community.

Key words: Chinese tourism geography, research questions, knowledge spillover, discipline characteristics, generation transition