地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 887-898.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201705007

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南红河哈尼梯田世界遗产区生态旅游监测研究

张生瑞1,2,3(), 钟林生1,2(), 周睿1,2,3, 王英杰1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-24 修回日期:2017-03-17 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张生瑞(1990- ),男,山东莱芜人,博士研究生,研究方向为旅游地理与地理信息系统。E-mail:zhangsr.12s@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671527);云南省文物局项目“红河哈尼梯田世界遗产地生态旅游可持续发展研究”

Ecotourism monitoring in the Yunnan Honghe Hani Rice Terraces Heritage Property

Shengrui ZHANG1,2,3(), Linsheng ZHONG1,2(), Rui ZHOU1,2,3, Yingjie WANG1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2016-11-24 Revised:2017-03-17 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20

摘要:

从遗产保护的对象及内容出发,设计云南红河哈尼梯田世界遗产区生态旅游监测指标体系。该指标体系包括自然生态环境、社会文化环境、旅游经济效益和游客规模及行为四个方面的30项指标,其中水源林占遗产区面积的比例、损毁梯田占遗产区面积的比例、遗产区水资源承载力、村寨传统民居的数量与木刻分水设施的数量是重要程度较高的五个指标。在对指标进行量化和标准化处理之后,采用多元线性函数,构建了遗产区生态旅游发展评估模型。经过实地监测发现,现阶段遗产区生态旅游发展中存在的主要问题是旅游对当地传统社会结构冲击较大,传统风俗礼仪逐渐弱化;村民在旅游开发中参与程度低、从旅游开发中获益较小,村民对旅游开发的满意度较低。研究结果对该类遗产地生态旅游开发具有借鉴意义。

关键词: 文化景观遗产, 生态旅游监测, 监测指标, 可持续利用, 红河哈尼梯田, 遗产区

Abstract:

Based on the subjects and content of the heritage protection, this paper proposes an indicator system for ecotourism monitoring in Yunnan Honghe Hani Rice Terraces Heritage Property. This system includes 30 indicators covering four themes: natural environment, socio-cultural environment, tourism economic benefits and the number and behavior of tourists. The top five important indicators are the proportion of water conservation forest area, the proportion of the damaged terraces area, the carrying capacity of regional water resources, the number of historic buildings in the villages and the number of water-distribution woodcuts. After quantifying and standardizing the indicators, this paper uses the multivariate linear analysis to assess the ecotourism development in the heritage property. Combined with the field monitoring, this paper draws the following conclusions: the ethnic traditional custom and etiquette is gradually weakened with the implementation of ecotourism planning, which will pose a threat to the sustainable development of the heritage. In addition, the villagers are not satisfied with the ecotourism development because of their low participation and less income in the ecotourism development. These conclusions will help policymakers propel the ecotourism development in Yunnan Honghe Hani Rice Terraces Heritage Property and offer useful information for other cultural landscape heritage sites as well.

Key words: cultural landscape heritage, ecotourism monitoring, monitoring indicators, sustainable development, Honghe Hani Rice Terraces, heritage property