地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1203-1209.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201707001

• 观点与争鸣 •    下一篇

“一带一路”——全球治理模式的新探索

杜德斌1,2(), 马亚华2,3()   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学科技创新与发展战略研究中心,上海 200062
    3. 上海师范大学商学院,上海 200234
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-07 修回日期:2017-06-20 出版日期:2017-07-31 发布日期:2017-09-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杜德斌(1963- ),男,湖北宜昌人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事世界政治经济地理和创新战略问题研究。E-mail: dbdu@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471108)

One Belt and One Road: A new way of global governance

Debin DU1,2(), Yahua MA2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Institute for Innovation and Strategic Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. School of Business, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2017-06-07 Revised:2017-06-20 Online:2017-07-31 Published:2017-09-13

摘要:

中国提出的“一带一路”倡议和实践行动,为全球治理提供了基于自身发展经验和价值理念的解决方案。分析基于民族国家的全球治理出现失灵的内在逻辑,归纳中国作为文明型国家具有提供国际公共物品的文化、发展和地理等基础性优势,以及作为全球治理新方案的“一带一路”与传统模式的区别。研究指出,“一带一路”是基于中国理念和情怀的全球治理新实践,是中国主导建立人类命运共同体的新探索,其“新”主要表现在三个方面:在指导理念上,“一带一路”倡导国家平等协商,主张摈弃实力定义一切的西方政治哲学;在道路实践上,“一带一路”坚持从排他封闭走向包容开放,强调各国间的合作共赢;在价值目标上,“一带一路”倡导从国家主义转向世界主义,强调对人类命运的终极关怀。

关键词: 一带一路, 全球治理, 中国

Abstract:

Modern nation state is a kind of spatial political organization essentially based on ethnic identity. There is no ultimate arbiter in global market who can judge border of rights and maintain the market order because of uncompromising of nation state on sovereignty. In a world without transfer payment system that provides sufficient development assistance to developing countries free competition will only lead to a widening of the north-south disparity. Although some international organizations have provided institutional platforms for international coordination, the limitation of sovereignty transfer determined that global issues will exist for a long time. The Belt and Road (B&R) Initiative and practice proposed by the Chinese government has provided a solution for global governance based on China's development experiences and value concepts. This paper studies the internal logic why global governance based on the nation-state could fail, and that China as a civilized country has the cultural, developmental and geographical primary advantages to provide international public goods. We also analyze differences between the traditional model and the B&R Initiative as the new global governance approach. This paper points out that the B&R Initiative is the new global governance practice based on Chinese wisdom and spirit. It is a new exploration to establish an intimate community of shared destiny of human beings by Chinese leadership. The reason why it is "new" is reflected in three aspects. First, on the guiding philosophy, the B&R Initiative supports consultation based on equality and urges to get away from the Western political philosophy that strength defines everything. Second, along the practical road, the B&R Initiative insists to walking from exclusive occlusion to inclusive openness, and focus on the win-win cooperation among countries. Third, on the value goal, the B&R Initiative advocates to turn from nationalism to cosmopolitanism, and emphasizes the concern on the ultimate destiny of human beings.

Key words: One Belt and One Road, global governance, China