地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1309-1322.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201707010

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市群绿色发展水平综合测度与时空演化

黄跃(), 李琳()   

  1. 湖南大学经济与贸易学院,长沙 410079
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-08 修回日期:2017-05-13 出版日期:2017-07-31 发布日期:2017-09-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄跃(1989- ),男,山西临汾人,博士研究生,主要从事区域发展研究。E-mail: huangbeibeihenan@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金后期资助项目(16FJL009)

A comprehensive assessment of green development and its spatial-temporal evolution in urban agglomerations of China

Yue HUANG(), Lin LI()   

  1. School of Economy and Trade, Hunan University, Changsha 410079, China
  • Received:2017-01-08 Revised:2017-05-13 Online:2017-07-31 Published:2017-09-13

摘要:

绿色发展日益重要,党的十八届五中全会把绿色发展确立为“十三五”时期的一项重要发展理念,而作为中国发展核心区域的城市群必然对绿色发展的推进起着至关重要的作用。以中国城市群为研究对象,构建绿色发展综合评价体系,采用投影寻踪模型、Pearson相关、变异系数、Theil指数等方法,综合分析中国城市群绿色发展时空特征及异质性。结果表明:① 2005年以来中国城市群绿色发展水平波动上升,且呈一定的层级格局;城市群绿色发展差异显著,分为:高度推进区、快速推进区、稳步推进区、初步推进区、初始起步区5类。② 经济发展要素为中国城市群绿色发展主导支撑、社会进步要素次之,生态文明要素逐步加快;不同层级城市群不同阶段主导要素演化不同;同一层级内差异同样显著。③ 不同层级城市群中心城市与城市群绿色发展等级匹配存在异质性,需区别对待。④ 中国城市群绿色发展水平差异呈一定发散趋势,层级间差异成为绿色发展差异的最主要原因。⑤ 最后,提出全面提升中国城市群绿色发展水平的建议:加强城市群交流与合作、实现资源共享,加大环境政策的创新以及推行力度。

关键词: 中国, 三大层级城市群, 绿色发展, 投影寻踪模型, 时空演化

Abstract:

Green development is becoming increasingly important. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee established green development as an important development concept of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). Urban agglomerations in China that perform as core areas are likely to play vital roles in the promotion of green development. This study focuses on Chinese urban agglomerations as the research object, and proposes a comprehensive index system for the assessment of green development. In addition, methods such as the projection pursuit model, Pearson correlation, coefficient of variation, and Theil index are used to measure the level of green development, spatial and temporal evolution characteristics, and heterogeneity in urban agglomerations of China. Results show that: (1) since 2005, the level of green development has been increasing, although by fluctuating amounts. When divided into layers, the green development results indicate a certain degree of hierarchical structure. Based on the overall performance of China's urban agglomerations over the past decade, their green development can be divided into five grades: highly advancing area, rapidly advancing area, steadily advancing area, preliminarily advancing area, and starting area. (2) The economic development element dominates the green development, followed by the social progress element, and then the ecological civilization element, which is improving gradually. Different levels of urban agglomerations show diverse characteristics at different stages when it comes to the evolution of dominant element. National urban agglomerations are dominated by economic development element, the dominant element in regional urban agglomerations is complex, and the provincial ones generally lack dominant element. Besides, there are also significant differences in the same hierarchy urban agglomeration. (3) The green development level of urban agglomerations mismatch the level of central cities and this phenomenon needs to be treated differently. (4) According to the Theil index value, differences in green development reveal a divergent trend, mainly owing to variations among the layers. (5) Finally, several policies are proposed to raise the level of such green development in China, including the exchange and cooperation among urban agglomerations, resource sharing, and the innovation and promotion of environmental policy.

Key words: China, three hierarchies of urban agglomeration, green development, projection pursuit model, spatial and temporal evolution