地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (8): 1583-1600.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201708015

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

基于发生学与系统论的旅游流与目的地供需耦合成长演化与驱动机制研究——以西安市为例

刘军胜1,2(), 马耀峰1,2()   

  1. 1. 陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710119
    2. 陕西省旅游信息化工程实验室,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-17 修回日期:2017-06-18 出版日期:2017-08-10 发布日期:2017-09-04
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘军胜(1986- ),男,河南开封人,博士研究生,主要从事旅游市场开发与旅游流研究。E-mail: liujs526@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271158,41201148,41401147);国家旅游局“万名旅游英才计划”项目 (WMYC20151061);陕西师范大学研究生创新基金(2015CXB003);教育部人文社科研究项目(15XJC790005);陕西省软科学研究计划项目(2016KRM119);中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目(GK201603080);西安市社会科学规划基金项目(17X18)

The evolution and driving mechanism of the supply and demand coupling about tourism flow and destination system based on the genesis and system theory: Taking Xi'an as an example

Junsheng LIU1,2(), Yaofeng MA1,2()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. Shaanxi Tourism Information Engineering Laboratory, Xi'an 710119, China
  • Received:2017-03-17 Revised:2017-06-18 Online:2017-08-10 Published:2017-09-04

摘要:

明确旅游流与目的地系统供需耦合成长的演化、因素与驱动机制,对旅游目的地实施宏观调控具有重要意义。基于发生学与系统论,采用耦合协调度评价模型、回归与相关分析法,分析了1995-2014年西安市旅游流与目的地供需耦合成长曲线的演化特征与影响因素,依此归纳出两大系统耦合成长的驱动机制。研究发现:① 旅游流是旅游需求的显化,是旅游流与目的地耦合成长的基本驱动力。旅游流与目的地系统的耦合成长曲线演进主要受旅游流需求系统支配,二者耦合成长曲线呈现“三峰三谷”的波动演进特征;② 旅游流与目的地耦合呈现由低质—高质耦合的发展演化历程。旅游流与目的地系统由低质耦合向高质耦合成长演进的不同发展阶段,影响两大系统耦合成长的指标、要素与子系统的数量与贡献值也逐步提升;③ 旅游流与目的地耦合成长受“四位一体”驱动力的影响。旅游需求是引致旅游流与目的地耦合成长的基本驱动力,旅游流需求与目的地供给的自组织动态演化是决定二者耦合成长的原生驱动力,系统内部因素与子系统在不同发展阶段的转换与变化是影响二者耦合成长的内部驱动力,国家政策的动态支持与特殊事件年份的出现是推动二者耦合成长的外部驱动力。研究结果从整体与系统角度加深了对两大系统耦合成长的演进特征与驱动机制的理解,对旅游目的地宏观调控起一定理论参考价值。

关键词: 发生学, 系统论, 旅游流与目的地, 耦合演化, 驱动机制, 西安市

Abstract:

The evolution characteristics, factors and driving mechanism of the coupling between the tourism flow and the destination system, are of important significance to the macro adjustment for the tourism destination. Based on the genesis and system theory, using coupling coordination degree evaluation model, regression and correlation analysis methods, we analyzed the evolution and its influencing factors of the coupling growth curve between the tourism flow and the destination system in Xi'an city from 1995 to 2014, and summarized the driving mechanism of the coupling growth of the two major systems. The results are as follows: (1) Tourism flow is the manifestation of tourism demand, and it is the basic driving force of tourism flow and destination coupling growth. The average growth rate of tourism flow comprehensive development level is the highest. The growth curve evolution of the tourism flow and destination system is mainly affected by tourism flow system, and shows fluctuation evolution of "three peaks and valleys", consistent with the development level of tourism flow curve evolution. (2) The evolution of tourism flow and destination coupling presents a pattern from low to high quality. In different development stages of tourism flow and destination coupling from low to high quality, the comprehensive level of the two major systems can fluctuate, and the number of the indicators and factors is growing, thus the contribution value of subsystems is gradually increased, which promotes the development of self-organization process about tourism flow and destination coupling, drives the optimization of tourist flows and the destination system structure and function. (3) The coupling development of tourism flow and destination is influenced by four forces. The tourism demand is the basic driving force of the coupling growth of tourism flow and destination, the self-organization dynamic evolution of tourism demand and destination supply is the primary driving force of the system coupling growth curve, the transformation and change of the system internal factors and subsystems in different development stages are the internal driving forces of the system coupling growth curve, the dynamic support of national policies and the appearance of special events are the external driving forces of the system coupling growth curve. The results can help us have a better understanding of the evolution and driving mechanism of the tourism flow and destination coupling growth, and have a certain reference for scientific understanding of the law of the tourism destination development and promote the macro regulation of the tourism destination.

Key words: genesis theory, system theory, tourism flow and destination, coupling evolution, driving mechanism, Xi'an