地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1613-1626.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201709002

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

多维邻近性对中国出口产品空间演化的影响

贺灿飞1,2(), 金璐璐1,2, 刘颖1,2   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学—林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心,北京 100871;
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-21 修回日期:2017-05-18 出版日期:2017-09-15 发布日期:2017-12-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:贺灿飞(1972- ),男,江西永新人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为经济地理、产业和区域经济。E-mail: hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41425001);国家自然科学基金项目(41271130)

How does multi-proximity affect the evolution of export product space in China?

Canfei HE1,2(), Lulu JIN1,2, Ying LIU1,2   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2017-01-21 Revised:2017-05-18 Online:2017-09-15 Published:2017-12-12

摘要:

出口产品空间的演化影响地区的生产贸易与经济增长。产品空间比较优势理论认为地区已有产品能否跳跃至新产品与产品间的“邻近性”有关。从演化经济地理视角出发,建立认知邻近、社会邻近、制度邻近、组织邻近和地理邻近的多维邻近性研究框架,基于吴语区2002-2011年出口贸易数据,探究五类邻近性对产品空间演化的影响,并关注邻近性之间的交互作用。结果显示:认知邻近性、组织邻近性、制度邻近性、社会邻近性与地理邻近性均对出口产品空间演化有显著的促进作用,但各邻近性的影响能力存在差异。同时还发现社会邻近性与地理邻近性,以及地理邻近性与制度邻近性之间存在互补作用。研究可为位于产品空间“边缘区”的落后地区提供产业发展的新路径。

关键词: 出口产品空间, 多维邻近性, 路径依赖, 路径突破, 知识溢出, 中国

Abstract:

The evolution of export product space affects regional production and trade as well as economic growth. According to the theory of comparative advantage evolution, whether regional product can jump to the new products is related to the "proximity" among them. From the perspective of evolutionary economic geography, this study builds up a multi-proximity framework of cognitive proximity, social proximity, institutional proximity, organizational proximity and geographic proximity. Based on the export data of Wu Dialect Area from 2002 to 2011, we explore the impact of the five proximities on the evolution of export product space. The interaction among the proximities also receives attention. The results show that all of the five proximities positively promote the evolution of export product space, but with different effects. In addition, complementary effects are also found between social and geographical proximity, and between geographical and institutional proximity. This article attempts to provide a new path of the productive structure transition for backward areas on the fringes of the product space.

Key words: export product space, multi-proximity, path dependence, path creation, knowledge spillover, China