地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1653-1666.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201709005

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

创新松散型产业的创新网络特征及其对创新绩效的影响研究——以长江经济带物流产业为例

宓泽锋(), 曾刚()   

  1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-02 修回日期:2017-07-20 出版日期:2017-09-15 发布日期:2017-12-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宓泽锋(1991- ),男,浙江余姚人,博士研究生,主要从事创新、生态与区域发展研究。E-mail: mizefeng1991@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0502701);国家自然科学基金项目(41071093,41371147)

The innovation network characteristics of innovation-loose industry and its impact on innovation performance: An empirical analysis on the logistics industry of the Yangtze River Economic Belt

Zefeng MI(), Gang ZENG()   

  1. Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, School of City and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2017-03-02 Revised:2017-07-20 Online:2017-09-15 Published:2017-12-12

摘要:

基于国家重点产业专利信息服务平台物流产业中1985-2013年间的合作发明专利数据,借助Stata、Gephi、ArcGIS等定量分析和图形分析软件,通过负二项回归分析,对长江经济带物流产业的合作创新网络特征以及其对创新绩效的影响进行刻画和分析,归纳创新松散型产业和创新密集型产业创新网络的不同点。研究发现:物流产业合作创新网络形态上呈现出以高校为中心的“核心—边缘”结构;网络存在过度根植性和结构洞位置功能缺失的问题,而物流产业创新碎片化和网络主体联系上“强企业—弱高校”关系是其内因。因此,需要提升高校的创新能力,加强核心企业与高校创新联系,建立“强企业—强高校”关系,推动创新联盟和创新交流平台的建设,促进长江经济带物流产业创新网络健康发展。

关键词: 长江经济带, 创新松散型产业, 物流产业, 合作创新网络, 过度根植性

Abstract:

Innovation plays an important role in the development of China. Previously, the research of industries with strong innovation ability has attracted much more attention from academic researchers. Nevertheless, those industries with weak innovation ability are also important to the development of national economy, and there is a significant difference in the innovation network characteristics of innovation-loose industries and innovation-intensive industries. Therefore, this paper aims to study the innovation network forms of innovation-loose industries, and its influence on network performance. And the logistics industry is taken as a typical representative of innovation-loose industries in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. With the help of some quantitative graphics analysis software such as Stata, Gephi, and ArcGIS, we describe the collaborative innovation network of logistics industry in the Yangtze River Economic Belt and discuss its impact of innovation networks on innovation performance based on and negative binomial regression models using co-invented patent data of logistics industry issued by the State Intellectual Property Office of the P.R.C. from 1985 to 2013. Compared to the equipment manufacturing industry, in addition, it sums up difference of innovation networks between innovation-loose industries and innovation-intensive industries. The results show that: (1) In terms of spatial distribution, the "Z"-shaped region which is composed of "Nanjing-Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo" has become the innovation center of logistics industry in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. And there is a close cooperative relation of innovation network between the region and the cities of Wuhan, Beijing, Shenzhen and Taipei. (2) Cooperation innovation network of logistics industry has a core-periphery structure which takes colleges and universities as the center of the network. While there are major network problems of over-embeddedness and missing-structural holes position function, which internally result from fragmentation caused in logistics industry innovation and strong enterprises-weak universities' relations. Hence, it is necessary to enhance innovation ability of colleges and universities, create a new relationship between strong enterprises and strong universities, and construct innovation union and platform to make enterprises play a leading role in the core network. Moreover, we need to be aware that universities with high innovation ability will attract enterprises to participate in cooperation, which will promote the healthy development of the logistics industry innovation network in the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

Key words: Yangtze River Economic Belt, innovation-loose industries, logistics industry, cooperative innovation network, over-embeddedness