地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1915-1924.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201710008

• 观点与争鸣 • 上一篇    下一篇

尺度政治视角下中菲黄岩岛争端

张争胜(), 刘玄宇, 牛姝雅   

  1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-10 修回日期:2017-07-15 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-11-16
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张争胜(1972- ),男,湖南祁东人,副教授,硕士生导师,主要从事区域地理、南海诸岛地名等方面研究。E-mail: zhangzsh@scnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371153)

Huangyan Island dispute between China and the Philippinesbased on politics of scale

Zhengsheng ZHANG(), Xuanyu LIU, Shuya NIU   

  1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2017-04-10 Revised:2017-07-15 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-11-16

摘要:

南海主权争端搅乱东亚地缘政治格局,黄岩岛主权争端关乎中国的主权、安全和发展利益。基于尺度政治理论对中菲黄岩岛争端进行梳理,探讨不同国家对尺度的利用、争夺、变换的过程。结果表明:① 南海新的地缘政治尺度格局具有立体化的尺度结构,并在域外大国和地区国家的争夺中动态重组。② 克服路径依赖的低效性、敏锐的尺度洞察力与强势的尺度界定权是国际政治实体实现尺度转换的重要策略。③ “表达尺度”和“舆论”成为塑造权力格局、决定尺度博弈成败的重要因素,尺度争夺中地缘政治主体对舆论工具的掌控能力直接影响到地缘政治格局的重组。④ 个体成为国际政治重要的参与者,尺度政治空间的微观化、碎片化使得尺度的生产与建构更加复杂。

关键词: 黄岩岛争端, 尺度政治, 尺度上推, 尺度下推

Abstract:

The essence of the South China Sea Issue is an islands sovereignty and maritime demarcation dispute between China and its neighboring countries. The territorial disputes in the South China Sea have disrupted the geopolitical structure in East Asia. And the Huangyan Island is important to China's sovereignty, national security and future development. So this paper points out that, in the new era, China should introduce wise political wisdom, great diplomatic skill and powerful military capacity to settle the dispute. This paper summarized the Western and Chinese geographers' achievements and deficiencies of Politics of Scale during the past decades. Based on the theory of Politics of Scale, this paper not only analyzes the Huangyan Island's dispute between China and the Philippines, but also discusses the dispute-related countries' approaches to applying, contesting and transforming the scale on the geopolitical space of the South China Sea, while these countries mainly include China, the Philippines and U.S. Results show that: (1) The new structure of geopolitical scale is a kind of multi-dimensional structure, and it will be restructured in a dynamic way in the process of the contest between the Great Powers outside the region and the regional countries. (2) The most important strategies to achieve the transformation of scale include overcoming the inefficiency caused by the path dependency, sensing the scale in a keen way and possessing a strong right of scale definition. (3) "The Scale of Expression" and "Public Opinion" are becoming critical factors altering the power structure and determining the success or failure of a Scale Game. And in the process of scale contest, the geopolitical stakeholders' control ability of Public Opinion's instrument can directly affect the restructuring of geopolitical structure. China's claim to its sovereignty has long been misrepresented and ignored by most of the Western mainstream medias. Therefore, an improvement of Chinese Government's own voice on the international stage is needed in order to make up this phenomenon. (4) Individuals are becoming important participants of international politics, especially when people are exposed to territorial disputes and when other countries are becoming more nationalistic, more patriotic, and more racist, the microcosmization and fragmentation of scale political space make scale's production and construction more complicated. In the future, when facing the South China Sea Issue, China should find a new reasonable balance between macro and micro politics of scale, in order to maintain the sovereignty over the South China Sea.

Key words: Huangyan island conflict, politics of scale, scaling up, scaling down