地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1959-1970.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201710012

• 观点与争鸣 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间—行为互动理论构建的基本思路

柴彦威1(), 谭一洺1, 申悦2(), 关美宝3   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    3. 美国伊利诺州大学厄巴纳—香槟分校地理及地理信息科学系,香槟 61820
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-11 修回日期:2017-07-13 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:柴彦威(1964- ),男,甘肃会宁人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为时间地理学、社会地理学、城市与区域规划。E-mail: chyw@pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41529101,41571144,41611130051,41501180)

Space-behavior interaction theory: Basic thinking of general construction

Yanwei CHAI1(), Yiming TAN1, Yue SHEN2(), Mei-Po KWAN3   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. Department of Geography and Geographic Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
  • Received:2017-04-11 Revised:2017-07-13 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20

摘要:

对行为学派的已有理论与方法论进行凝练和提升,构建解释地理空间与人类行为互动关系的一般理论,是行为学派的当代使命。结合中国实际总结空间—行为互动的概念模型和解释模型,是当前中国城市发展转型面临的迫切现实需求。从认识论、方法论、实践指导三方面对空间—行为互动的理论基础进行梳理,从基于空间和基于人两种研究范式相结合的角度出发,对空间—行为互动的研究范式进行论证,进而提出空间—行为互动理论构建的基本思路。空间—行为互动理论的构建需要系统展开空间作用于行为、行为作用于空间两方面的研究,构建空间—行为互动理论,并结合中国城市时空间行为实证研究,开展不同空间、不同时间、不同人群尺度的理论验证。

关键词: 空间—行为互动理论, 时间地理, 行为地理, 城市规划与管理

Abstract:

It is growing to be the significant mission for the behavioral schools of geography to construct a generalized theory explaining the interaction between space and behavior. It is also an urgent realistic demand for current urban development and transformation in China to summarize the conceptual model and explanatory model of space-behavior interaction combined with China's reality. Firstly, this study builds the theoretical foundation of space-behavior interaction research which takes social-space theory as epistemology, behavioral geography and time geography as methodology, and activity-based approach as practical theory. Secondly, as for the research paradigm, the study argues the space-behavior interaction research needed to combine the place-based paradigm and people-based paradigm, facing current situation of China's urban development. Then this study makes an innovative attempt to propose basic thinking of space-behavior interaction theory construction. It needs to carry out research on spatial effects on behavior and behavioral effects on space to construct a generalized space-behavior interaction theory. On this basis, the diversity and similarity of space-behavior interaction in various cities, the trends and dynamics of spatial-behavioral interaction in different periods of time, the distinctiveness of various population segments, need be testified to improve the theory construction.

Key words: space-behavior interaction theory, time geography, behavioral geography, urban planning and management