地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1971-1980.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201710013

• 观点与争鸣 • 上一篇    下一篇

“社区建设”再考——基于政治地理学视角的城市基层领域化政策解读

刘云刚1(), 叶清露1,2   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
    2. 东京大学大学院工学系研究科都市工学专攻国际都市计画·地域计画研究室,东京 1138656
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-14 修回日期:2017-07-16 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云刚(1973- ),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为城市地理、政治地理、生活空间论。E-mail: liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571130,41271165);中央高校基本科研业务费专项;中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心基金

Rethinking the policy of community construction: Based on the territorialization theory in political geography

Yungang LIU1(), Qinglu YE1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. International Development and Regional Planning Unit, Department of Urban Engineering, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
  • Received:2017-04-14 Revised:2017-07-16 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20

摘要:

“社区建设”是单位制逐渐解体的背景下,以建立替代单位功能的空间单元为目的,由中央政府自上而下发动的城市基层管理单元建设运动。这项运动兴起于20是90年代,迄今逐渐淡出公众视野。因其具有突出的权力空间重塑涵义,尝试从政治地理学的领域理论视角出发,对“社区建设”政策形成的路径及其核心语篇进行再考,并以此为基础对中国社区建设的问题及着力点进行分析。2000年以后,中央政府试图主动建构以“社区”为载体的领域管治体系,并在核心政策文件中强调空间要素和空间叙事以宣称社区领域化,但这一政策而后转向强调“社区服务”,强调国家福利的下沉,这说明前期的“社区建设”政策事实上已经终结。在当前情境下,必须切实加强基层社区管治,采取多种手段完善社区领域化机制,以重建城市基层治理的空间秩序。

关键词: 社区建设, 城市管治, 领域化, 政策分析, 政治地理

Abstract:

Community construction(She-Qu Jian-She) is a top-down movement of building urban-grassroots-management unit by the central government, aiming to construct a spatial unit to replace Danwei while Danwei system was collapsing. This movement emerged during the 1990s, while fading out of the public concern nowadays. Since it pays strong intention on reconstructing power space, this paper attempts to review the route through which community construction policy forms and its core discourse in the perspective of territorialization theory in political geography, and accordingly looks into China's society building issue. It points out that, the central government attempts to construct a territorial governance system taking community(She-Qu) as medium after 2000, and emphasizes the spatial design and the spatial narratives of community to claim territorialization in the core policy document. However, after its temporary failure, it turns to community service policy, which emphasizes downscale of state's welfare and reflects state's changeable attitude toward community construction. Finally, this paper contends that, in order to strengthen community's practical significance, it is necessary to enrich research of grassroots community governance and take measures to fix the territorial system of community.

Key words: community construction, urban governance, territorialization, policy analysis, political geography