地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1997-2016.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201710015

• 观点与争鸣 • 上一篇    下一篇

局部收缩:后增长时代下的城市可持续发展争鸣

李郇1,2(), 吴康3,4(), 龙瀛5, 李志刚6, 罗小龙7, 张学良8, 王德起4, 杨东峰9, 郐艳丽10, 李裕瑞11, 杨振山11, 周恺12, 胡毅13, 宋涛11, 戚伟11, 李昊14, 高舒琦5   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2. 中山大学城市化研究院,广州 510275
    3. 城市群系统演化与可持续发展的决策模拟北京市重点实验室,北京 100070
    4. 首都经济贸易大学城市经济与公共管理学院,北京 100070
    5. 清华大学建筑学院,北京 100084
    6. 武汉大学城市设计学院,武汉 430072
    7. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
    8. 上海财经大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200433
    9. 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院,大连 116024
    10. 中国人民大学公共管理学院,北京 100872
    11. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    12. 湖南大学建筑学院,长沙 410082
    13. 住房与城乡建设部城乡规划管理中心, 北京 100835
    14. 北京清华同衡规划设计研究院有限公司, 北京 100085
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-23 修回日期:2017-07-20 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李郇(1964- ),男,江西南昌人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市经济学、区域经济学。E-mail: lixun23@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571118,41671161,51778319);国家社科基金重大项目(14&ZD138)

Academic debates upon shrinking cities in China for sustainable development

Xun LI1,2(), Kang WU3,4(), Ying LONG5, Zhigang LI6, Xiaolong LUO7, Xueliang ZHANG8, Deqi WANG4, Dongfeng YANG9, Yanli GUI10, Yurui LI11, Zhenshan YANG11, Kai ZHOU12, Yi HU13, Tao SONG11, Wei QI11, Hao LI14, Shuqi GAO5   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Institute of Urbanization, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. Beijing Key Laboratory of Megaregions Sustainable Development Simulation, Beijing 100070, China
    4. School of Urban Economics and Public Administration, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100070, China
    5. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    6. School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    7. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    8. School of Urban and Regional Science, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
    9. School of Architecture and Fine Art, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China
    10. School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    11. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    12. School of Architecture, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
    13. Center for Urban-Rural Planning and Management, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the PRC, Beijing 100835, China
    14. Beijing Tsinghua Planning & Design Institute Co., Ltd. Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2017-03-23 Revised:2017-07-20 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20

摘要:

中国的城镇化长期是建立在“增长模式”下的顶层设计,城市增长与空间扩张是地理学者与规划政策界关注的经典命题。随着全球发展格局变化及中国“新常态”转型的来临,以中西部中小城市人口向东部迁移导致的发展放缓或停滞,以东北城市为代表的“局部收缩”已初见端倪,而在金融危机后,东部的工业城市也出现了部分“收缩”的空间。“收缩”表现为人口外流、GDP和地方财政增长乏力乃至城市空间衰败。如何科学辩证地认识城市增长、空间扩张与局部收缩的发生和转化机制,如何在慢增长或逆增长环境下实现城市可持续发展,是未来中国城镇化研究的重大挑战,也是地理、规划和相关学科学者亟需重点关注和研究的新命题。本期笔谈邀请了来自人文地理、城市规划、区域经济和公共管理等学科领域的学者就城市收缩的科学界定、识别方法以及后增长时代下中国城市可持续发展的规划设计响应路径等话题开展学术争鸣与讨论。

关键词: 收缩城市, 可持续发展, 地理学, 城乡规划, 学术争鸣

Abstract:

As a top-down design, China's urbanization is building upon a "growth oriented model". In this sense, scholars and policy makers in China are focusing more on urban growth and spatial expansion. Recently, China has entered a period of "New Normal" (Xin Chang Tai") and faced the supply side reform. Urban shrinkage in terms of population has also emerged in Chinese cities. Especially, some mining industry cities in Northeast China have been losing their population and are also associating with a weak GDP/local fiscal growth rate. As one of the major challenges that China may be confronted with in the new-type urbanization, urban shrinkage should be regarded as an important issue addressed by geographers. Hereby we invited concerning scholars from the area of human-economic geography, urban-rural planning, regional science and public policy in this debate to conduct academic discussion towards urban shrinkage in China, aiming to demonstrate their up-to-date understandings upon emerging shrinking cities in China for sustainable development from various perspectives.

Key words: shrinking cities, sustainable development, Geography, urban-rural planning, academic debates