地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 2156-2170.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201711010

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江三角洲地区物流供应链时空演化及其影响因素——基于国际货代企业数据的分析

梁双波1,2(), 曹有挥1,2(), 吴威1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京 210008
    2. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-04 修回日期:2017-07-26 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-12-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:梁双波(1979-),男,山东海阳人,博士,助理研究员,主要研究方向为区域经济与运输地理。E-mail: shbliang@niglas.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671132,41771139);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20171516)

Spatial-temporal evolution and influencing factors of Logistics Supply Chain in the Yangtze River Delta: Based on international freight forwarding enterprises data

Shuangbo LIANG1,2(), Youhui CAO1,2(), Wei WU1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2017-04-04 Revised:2017-07-26 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-12-21

摘要:

物流供应链是交通运输地理研究的新议题。以长三角为案例,基于2005年、2010年和2015年国际货代企业数据,借助复杂网络等方法,探究物流供应链时空演化及影响因素。研究发现:长三角物流供应链形成以上海为核心的放射状格局,上海周边节点发展较快;物流一体化程度在加强,但浙江—江苏间联系增长缓慢,省内差异显著;节点组织—控制能力差异明显,南京始终是江苏物流供应链核心节点,宁波、杭州组成的“双核”是浙江物流供应链核心节点;供应链稳定性呈波动趋好态势,区域尺度供应链效率不断提高。当前,长三角物流供应链演化正处于第四阶段。经济发展与城市区位、宏观政策与市场化、物流一体化与物流资源整合、全球生产网络与物流企业组织是主要影响因素。

关键词: 物流供应链, 时空演化, 国际货运代理企业, 尺度, 长江三角洲

Abstract:

With the rapid reconstruction of global industrial spatial organization, Logistics Supply Chain (LSC) is becoming a new topic of transportation geography. Understanding the spatio-temporal evolution of the LSC and its influencing factors can help policy makers more efficiently guide the regional spatial reorganization of the logistics in an integrative context. Based on the data of the relational international freight forwarding enterprises in 2005, 2010 and 2015, this paper explores the evolutionary process, the formed pattern and the influencing factors of LSC in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) on both the regional and provincial scales, by mainly using the complex network research method. The result implies that the LSC of YRD presents radial pattern characteristics, taking Shanghai as the core. Suzhou, Nantong, Jiaxing and other nodes surrounding Shanghai have developed rapidly. The degree of LSC integration in YRD is strengthening, while the connection between Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces grows slowly, with obvious disparities within the provinces. The organization-control capability of the nodes are remarkably different in the regional and provincial scales. Nanjing has always been the core node of LSC in Jiangsu. The core node of Zhejiang is composed of “dual-core structure” of Ningbo and Hangzhou, controlling regional and provincial elements respectively. The stability of LSC is getting better in the two scales, with the efficiency of LSC in the regional scale increasing, but the efficiency of LSC in provincial scales is obviously different. Based on the analysis, this paper presents the five-stage development model of LSC evolution, and currently the LSC of YRD is in the fourth development stage. The main influencing factors include the regional economic development and city location, macro policies and marketization, logistics integration and logistics resources coordination, global production network and logistics enterprise organization. Finally, the paper puts forward countermeasures and suggestions for the development of LSC in YRD as follows: (1) Shanghai should strengthen connections with neighboring Suzhou, Nantong, Jiaxing and other nodes, jointly building an international supply chain center; (2) give full play to the advantageous functions of Ningbo and Hangzhou in LSC respectively as the dual cores by better consolidation and coordination; (3) fully enhance the cooperation between Yangzhou and Taizhou, so as to strengthen the radiation of Sunan (Southern Jiangsu) towards Subei (Northern Jiangsu).

Key words: Logistics Supply Chain (LSC), spatial-temporal evolution, international freight forwarding enterprise, scale, Yangtze River Delta (YRD)