地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 2291-2304.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201712002

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中部地区对外贸易的格局与结构分析

宋周莺1,2,3(), 车姝韵1,2,3, 刘卫东1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-03 修回日期:2017-09-02 出版日期:2017-12-15 发布日期:2018-01-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宋周莺(1983- ),女,浙江缙云人,博士,副研究员,主要从事经济地理、区域发展和国际贸易相关研究。E-mail:songzy@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41530751);中国科学院国际合作局项目(131A11KYSB20170014)

Analysis of spatial pattern and trade structure of foreign trade in Central China

Zhouying SONG1,2,3(), Shuyun CHE1,2,3, Weidong LIU1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-06-03 Revised:2017-09-02 Online:2017-12-15 Published:2018-01-18

摘要:

中部地区长期以来一直是中国对外贸易发展的相对滞后区。但随着中部崛起等战略的实施,近年来其贸易发展水平不断提高,在全国的贸易地位逐渐提升,并成为后金融危机时期中国重要的外贸增长点。基于大量数据分析,采用贸易结合度、显性比较优势、出口相似度、模块度等方法,从空间格局和商品结构两个维度,深入刻画中部地区贸易发展格局并分析其成因。结果发现:① 中部地区贸易发展中心逐渐向北转移,形成以河南为核心的外贸格局;地级市层面呈现以省会城市向周边辐射扩散的外贸格局;② 中部地区最大的贸易伙伴为美国、日本等传统贸易大国和澳大利亚等资源型出口国,而相互依存度较高的贸易伙伴主要是东南亚国家和非洲部分经济欠发达国家,二者存在明显空间错位;③ 中部地区外贸商品结构相对较优但各省相似程度较高,出口以电机设备、机械器具类商品为主,进口以矿砂及矿渣、电机设备类商品为主。

关键词: 对外贸易, 空间格局, 进出口结构, 商品结构, 中部地区

Abstract:

Since the implementation of "Promoting the Rising of Central China", Central China has embraced a foreign trade boom, with a sharp rise of its proportion in China's foreign trade. At the same time, "One Belt and One Road" provide important chance for the development of Central China. Under this background, this paper uses several indices (such as trade intensity index, revealed comparative advantage, coefficient of variation, export similar index and modularity) to analyze the spatial pattern and trade structure of foreign trade in Central China. The research results show that Central China has witnessed a divergence in provincial foreign trade expansion. Henan turns into the core driving force of the whole trade in Central China. The foreign trade continuously extends from capital cities to adjacent areas in Central China. Second, the major trade partners of Central China are USA, Japan, and resource-exporters such as Australia. In contrast, the closest trade companions of Central China are developing countries in Southeast Asia and Africa. Third, Central China has a relatively ideal trade structure. The main export goods of Central China are mechanical and electrical equipment, while the main import goods are ore, slag and mechanical. The provinces in Central China can be divided into three export groups and two import groups based on the trade structure similarity. The first export group, including Anhui and Hubei, is featured by exporting mechanical; the second group, consisting of Hunan and Jiangxi, mainly export electrical equipment and mechanical. The third export group, including Henan and Shanxi, mainly export electrical equipment and mechanicals and steel. The first import group, consisting of Hubei, Hunan and Anhui, mainly import ore and slag and mechanicals. The second import group, including Jiangxi, Shanxi and Henan, is featured by electrical equipment, ore and slag.

Key words: foreign trade, spatial pattern, trade structure, commodity structure, Central China