地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 2355-2368.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201712007

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于贫困居民视角的旅游扶贫满意度评价

汪侠1(), 甄峰2, 沈丽珍2, 吴小根1   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-05 修回日期:2017-09-02 出版日期:2017-12-15 发布日期:2018-01-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:汪侠(1974- ),女,安徽怀远人,博士,副教授,研究方向为旅游地理、城市与区域规划。E-mail:wangxia128@nju.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371149,41301166);国家旅游局青年专家培养计划课题(TYEPT201422)

Evaluation of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation

Xia WANG1(), Feng ZHEN2, Lizhen SHEN2, Xiaogen WU1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Department of Urban Planning and Design, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2017-06-05 Revised:2017-09-02 Online:2017-12-15 Published:2018-01-18

摘要:

借鉴多维贫困理论,采取因子分析方法,构建了基于贫困居民视角的旅游扶贫满意度评价指标体系,并运用模糊综合评价模型,以贵州郎德镇为例,对贫困居民旅游扶贫满意度进行定量评价。研究发现:① 贫困居民旅游扶贫满意度的评价指标包括经济条件、生活水平、社会和谐、医疗健康、公共设施、教育条件、生态文化,以及扶贫参与及收益等8个方面;② 贫困居民旅游扶贫满意度模糊综合评价结果表明,郎德镇旅游扶贫的满意度水平处于“一般”到“满意”之间;③ 贫困居民旅游扶贫满意度的重要性—绩效评价揭示了郎德镇贫困居民比较重视,但同时也是旅游扶贫工作中比较薄弱的地方,为郎德镇提升贫困居民旅游扶贫满意度提供依据。

关键词: 旅游扶贫, 贫困居民, 满意度, 模糊综合评价

Abstract:

To improve the accuracy and long-term effect of poverty alleviation, it is of great significance to investigate poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation. Despite its importance, few studies have been conducted on the evaluation of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation. Based on the multidimensional poverty theory, this paper constructs the evaluation factors of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation based on literature review, multidimensional poverty indicators of the United Nations, as well as depth interviews with the poor residents. Employing fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model, and taking Langde Town in Guizhou Province as an example, we carried out the quantitative evaluation of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation. The results indicate that: (1) The evaluation items of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation can be grouped into eight categories based on principal component analysis, namely, economic conditions, living standard, participation in tourism development and the stability of the benefits, health level, social harmony, public facilities, educational conditions, and ecology and culture. Among the eight evaluation factors, economic conditions, participation in tourism development and the stability of the benefits, and living standard are the three factors that poor residents most concerned. (2) The fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation in Langde Town is 3.68, indicating that the level of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation in this town is between the level of "moderate" and "satisfied". (3) The importance-performance evaluation of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation revealed the weaknesses of the current tourism poverty alleviation in the study area, namely, "poverty alleviation accuracy", "benefit distribution of poverty alleviation", "tourism development participation", "tourism decision-making participation", and "the long-term effect of tourism poverty alleviation", which provides scientific reference for improving poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation. Collectively, this study makes theoretical contribution to tourism research by applying multidimensional poverty theory into the evaluation of poor residents' satisfaction with tourism poverty alleviation.

Key words: tourism poverty alleviation, poor residents, satisfaction, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation