地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 2383-2392.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201712009

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

跨江择居居民的居住满意度及影响因素——以南京市浦口区为例

李俊峰(), 高凌宇, 马作幸   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,芜湖 241003
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-11 修回日期:2017-09-08 出版日期:2017-12-15 发布日期:2018-01-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李俊峰(1974- ),男,安徽庐江人,博士,副教授,主要研究领域为城市地理和城市规划。E-mail:ljf2009@mail.ahnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671164)

Residential satisfaction and its influencing factors of the residents choosing to live trans-Yangtze River

Junfeng LI(), Lingyu GAO, Zuoxing MA   

  1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, 241003, Anhui, China
  • Received:2017-06-11 Revised:2017-09-08 Online:2017-12-15 Published:2018-01-18

摘要:

采用浦口区跨江择居居民的居住满意度问卷调查的数据,利用SPSS和AMOS分析平台,运用结构方程模型,对南京市跨江择居居民居住满意度水平和影响因素进行分析和探讨。结果表明:居民跨江择居的总体满意度较高。不同属性居民之间有一定差异,年龄较小或较大、收入水平一般、工作比较稳定、家庭结构简单等人群满意度较高;家庭人口数量多、收入较高、工作稳定性差等人群满意度相对较低;中学以上文化程度的人群居住满意度差异较小。跨江择居居住满意度受诸多因素影响,其中,住房质量和自然环境是影响居民居住满意度的最主要因素,而跨江交通可达性是最为关键的因素。因此,加强跨江交通建设,提高跨江交通通达性尤为重要。研究旨在厘清城市居民跨江择居的影响因素,为政府制定相关政策引导居民跨江择居提供参考,对加快城市跨江拓展进程有重要的现实意义。

关键词: 跨江择居, 居住满意度, 影响因素, 浦口区

Abstract:

Based on the survey data of the questionnaires, the urban residential satisfaction and its influencing factors (including family structure, age structure, educational level, income level and occupational type) of the residents choosing to live trans-Yangtze River in Pukou District were analyzed by using SPSS, AMOS and Structural Equation Model. Results show that the overall residential satisfaction is high. There exists different residential satisfaction between different attributes. The satisfaction is higher among those who are younger or older, and have the average income level, the more stable work and the simple family structure. Moreover, the satisfaction is lower among those who have a large family, have a high wage, and do an unstable job. There is no significant difference in living satisfaction among the people with high school degree or above. Residential satisfaction of cross-river choosing residence is influenced by many factors, including housing quality, natural environment, traffic accessibility, shopping environment, infrastructure and community quality. Housing quality and natural environment are the most important factors that affect the residential satisfaction. The Yangtze River has a certain influence on the satisfaction of people choosing residence across the river in Nanjing, but it is not the decisive factor. The inevitable time and economic cost affect the residential satisfaction experience, so the traffic accessibility is the most critical factor. With the trans-Yangtze River development of the city, the river function switches from the production to the life function gradually. The influence on the satisfaction of cross-river choosing residence by river is becoming weak. The traffic integration on both sides of the river is important to promote the coordinated development of urban space, and is also the best way to improve the living satisfaction of the trans-Yangtze River choosing residence. Therefore, in addition to the housing quality improvement, and optimization of the living environment, improvement of trans-Yangtze River traffic accessibility is still the most important content of urban construction in Nanjing. The purpose of this study is to clarify the influencing factors of trans-Yangtze River choosing residence from the micro-subject view, and provide reference for policy making of the government. Moreover, the result has practical significance to accelerate the development of the cities across the Yangtze River.

Key words: residential choise trans-Yangtze River, residential satisfaction, influencing factors, Pukou district