地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 2405-2418.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201712011

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

快速工业化背景下乡村性时空分异及其演化——以河南省巩义市为例

韩冬(), 乔家君(), 马玉玲   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-18 修回日期:2017-09-15 出版日期:2017-12-15 发布日期:2018-01-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:韩冬(1989- ),男,河南巩义人,博士研究生,研究方向为乡村地理学。E-mail:hanaca@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671172,41329001)

Spatio-temporal differentiation and evolution of rurality under the background of rapid industrialization: A case study of Gongyi city, Henan province

Dong HAN(), Jiajun QIAO(), Yuling MA   

  1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2017-06-18 Revised:2017-09-15 Online:2017-12-15 Published:2018-01-18

摘要:

构建了适用于村域尺度的乡村性评价指标体系,在ESDA空间探测架构下分析了2005-2015年巩义市村域尺度乡村性分异及演化的特征,并结合村庄发展模式,归纳出乡村性分异及演化的影响因素。结果表明,与宏观尺度的研究相比,微观尺度的研究可以发现区域内部乡村性的空间分异性。① 研究区域整体乡村性呈减弱态势,但其内部村庄之间乡村性差异却在不断加强。② 乡村性空间分布呈现较强的正空间自相关性,集聚态势总体不断增强,并且呈现出边缘强、中间弱的分布格局。③ 乡村性热点区和冷点区分布的集聚态势都在增强,冷点区形成了“点—轴”分布态势,并且沿轴向扩散趋势显著。④ 城市发展的带动、经济转型的影响、区位交通的影响、历史锁定效应以及经济能人的带动作用对乡村性时空分异及演化影响显著。

关键词: 乡村性, 快速工业化地区, 时空分异, 时空演化, 村域尺度

Abstract:

With the acceleration industrialization and urbanization, great changes have taken place in rural areas of China. Under this background, characterizing the spatio-temporal differentiation and evolution of rural development has become a key issue in rural geography research. Rurality is an important concept to describe the rural space and regional type. And rurality index can be used to determine the differences in the level of rural development. This paper developed a rurality index system to evaluate the rurality at a village scale in Gongyi city, a region that has experienced rapid industrialization. Moreover, with the help of Exploratory Spatial data Analysis (ESDA) method, we analyzed spatio-temporal differentiation and evolution of rurality in Gongyi city from 2005 to 2015. The results showed that, compared with the study of rurality of macro scale, the study of micro scale could reveal the difference of rurality more subtly within the region. (1) From the perspective of the time dimension, the rurality of village scale in Gongyi city declined since 2005, but the difference among the villages had become wider. (2) From the perspective of spatial distribution, the distribution showed strong positive spatial autocorrelation. The villages with similar rurality tended to be agglomerated, and the trend of agglomeration continued to increase. (3) From the perspective of spatio-temporal evolution, the distribution for "cold spot" and "hot spot" region of village rurality tended to be strengthened in spatial agglomeration. The "hot spot" areas were mainly concentrated in the peripheral villages locked in the southwestern, northwestern and northeastern parts of the city. The distribution of “cold spot” areas exhibited a "Pole-Axis" spatial pattern, with the urban area as nuclear, the portal town in the west and east of the city as axis nodes and the national way as the diffusion axis. (4) From the perspective of driving factors, the influence of urban development, economic transition, location and transportation, historical lock-in effect, and the driving effect of economic elite in the village were the primary factors affecting rurality and its variation of space structure. Thus, we should promote further development of rural areas by accelerating new-type urbanization and industrialization, enhancing the traffic connection, extending historical lock-in effect, and cultivating the economic elite in the village.

Key words: rurality, rural industrialization, spatio-temporal differentiation, spatio-temporal evolution, village scale