地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 67-80.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201801005

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区“五化”协调发展的格局演变及影响机制

白雪(), 宋玉祥(), 浩飞龙   

  1. 东北师范大学地理科学学院,长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-26 修回日期:2017-10-15 发布日期:2018-01-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:白雪(1989- ),女,黑龙江黑河人,博士研究生,主要从事区域经济协调发展研究。E-mail:hljbaixue2008@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630749)

Pattern evolution and influencing mechanism of coordination development of "Five Modernizations" in Northeast China

Xue BAI(), Yuxiang SONG(), Feilong HAO   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2017-05-26 Revised:2017-10-15 Published:2018-01-31
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

“五化协调”是经济新常态背景下,国家现代化建设的必然选择。利用多指标综合指数法、耦合协调度模型、个体效应与时点效应模型,从新型工业化、信息化、新型城镇化、农业现代化、绿色化角度选取指标(以下简称“五化”),构建“五化”协调发展评价指标体系,探究东北振兴前后20年间(1993-2013年)东北地区40个地市单元“五化”协调发展变化情况。结果表明:东北地区“五化”协调发展水平较低,仍处于失调阶段,但增长趋势显著,具有明显的时间阶段性与区域差异性。时间上可划分为1993-2002年波动期、2003-2008年增长期、2009-2013年平稳期三个阶段。区域上可划分沿哈大线形成的轻度失调区,黑龙江中部与西部、吉林西部、辽宁大部为主的中度失调区,黑龙江西北部、东部与蒙东地区为主的严重失调区三个类型。“五化”协调内部各子系统空间表现各异,分异程度依次为:农业现代化>信息化>绿色化>新型城镇化>新型工业化。从影响机制来看,教育投入、技术投入、农业投入对“五化”协调发展产生正向影响;工业水平、开发程度对“五化”协调发展产生负相影响,开放程度、资本投入、治理投入未对协调造成明显影响。

关键词: “, 五化”, 耦合协调度, 东北地区, 影响机制

Abstract:

Against the backdrop of the new normal, "coordination development of five modernizations" is a necessary choice for building China's modernization. The thesis utilizes the method of multi-index comprehensive method, coupling coordination degree model, variable intercept model, builds an assessing index system for a coordinated development of "Five Modernizations" by selecting indexes from perspectives of such as new industrialization, informatization, new urbanization, agricultural modernization, and greenization, and explores the changes of the "Five Modernizations" coordinated development in 40 prefecture-level cities in Northeast China during 1993-2013, a period when developments of the region are facilitated. Results are as follows: despite that the "five factors" coordinated development in Northeast China has still been in an underdeveloped and imbalanced state, it enjoys a prominent increasing trend, with apparent time stages and regional differences. The region's development can be categorized into three stages: 1993-2002, the fluctuation period, 2003-2008, the increasing period, and 2009-2013, the steady period. In terms of areas, there are the slightly imbalanced areas along the Harbin-Dalian Railway, moderately imbalanced areas with central and western parts of Heilongjiang province, western Jilin province and most parts of Liaoning province as major representatives, and severely imbalanced areas like northwestern and eastern Heilongjiang and eastern Mongolia. Subsystems inside the "Five Modernizations" coordination vary from their manifestations, which are ranked as follows according to their differentials: agricultural modernization > informatization > greenization > new urbanization > new industrialization. From the angle of the influencing mechanism, investments of education, technology and agriculture have positive effect on the coordination development "Five Modernizations"; on the other hand, the industrial level and development degree influence its development in a negative way, and openness, and capital and governance investments are found to have implicit impact on the coordination.

Key words: "Five Modernizations", coupling and coordinating degree, Northeast China, change mechanism