地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 119-132.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201801009

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市老年人口迁移意愿及影响因素研究

高斯瑶(), 程杨()   

  1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-08 修回日期:2017-11-24 发布日期:2018-01-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:高斯瑶(1992- ),女,北京人,硕士生,主要从事健康地理学研究。E-mail:ggaossiyyao@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301164);北京师范大学自主科研项目(2015KJJCB30)

Willingness to relocation of the older people within Beijing

Siyao GAO(), Yang CHENG()   

  1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2017-07-08 Revised:2017-11-24 Published:2018-01-31
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

北京正处于快速老龄化阶段,随着城市化进程的加深,迁移老年人的生活环境发生着剧烈的变化。分析北京市城市功能拓展区中老年人的迁移意愿及其影响因素,具有重要的实践意义。选择北京城市功能拓展区中4个新建小区为案例区,收集有效调查问卷353份,采用描述性统计和Logistic回归研究北京市老年人口的迁移意愿及其影响因素。研究发现:已迁移老年人中,71.4%的老年人愿意迁移。与子女居住距离的变化、孙辈的出生以及居住条件的改善是自主迁移老年人迁移的主要原因。老年人生命历程的变化对迁移行为有重要影响。老年人的身体健康、经济条件、与子女居住距离和居住环境对其迁移意愿影响显著。本文的研究意义在于结合老年人迁移的影响因素与宜居社区建设政策,为构建老年宜居社区提供科学依据。

关键词: 老龄化, 老年人口迁移, 生命历程, 宜居社区, 北京市

Abstract:

The rapid population aging is coming along with the urban expansion in Beijing in recent decades. During the urbanization process, many older people have moved from the inner urban area to the newly developed urban areas in Beijing. Older people's living environment has dramatically changed. Moreover, elder care has become an important issue in the society. This study aims to understand older people's willingness to relocation and examine various factors which affect their willingness to relocation. This quantitative analysis is based on the data from 353 valid questionnaires which were collected from the older people aged 60 and over in four residential quarters. The four sampled residential quarters were all built after 2000 in the Urban Function Extension Area of Beijing. Descriptive analysis and binary Logistic regression were applied in this study. The results showed that 252 older people (71.4% of all the samples) were willing to move. In terms of the reasons for relocation, moving closer to or moving into their adult children's families and taking care of their grandchildren were the main reasons for the older people's voluntary relocation. Moreover, the changes of life course played an important role in the older people's migration behavior. The regression results showed that participants with better health status (OR=1.53, P=0.094), higher income (OR=2.05, P=0.015), who were strongly influenced by the living distance with their adult children (OR=1.23, P=0.020), having access to elevators after the relocation (OR=1.29, P=0.062), and perceiving the green space important (OR=1.56, P=0.005) were more willing to move. The construction of age-friendly community should meet the demands for various groups of older people. The findings of this study contribute to understanding the moving behaviors of older people in the process of urban development in Beijing, and it also sheds light on future studies on healthy living environment for older people to age in place.

Key words: ageing, older people's migration, life course, age-friendly community, Beijing