地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 133-144.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201801010

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游目的地社区恢复力的影响因素及其作用机制

郭永锐1(), 张捷2, 张玉玲3   

  1. 1. 江苏师范大学历史文化与旅游学院,徐州 221116
    2. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    3. 广州地理研究所,广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-21 修回日期:2017-09-27 发布日期:2018-01-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郭永锐(1985- ),男,山东聊城人,博士,副教授,研究方向为旅游地理和旅游规划。E-mail:guoyongrui58@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501147,41171121)

Influencing factors and mechanism of community resilience in tourism destinations

Yongrui GUO1(), Jie ZHANG2, Yuling ZHANG3   

  1. 1. School of History Culture and Tourism, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
    2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, China
  • Received:2017-05-21 Revised:2017-09-27 Published:2018-01-31
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

深入地理解旅游目的地社区恢复力的影响因素及其作用机制,是旅游地理学研究的重要方向。在文献梳理基础上,采用结构方程模型方法,以九寨沟和都江堰旅游社区为例,探讨了旅游目的地社区恢复力关键影响因素的作用机制。研究发现:① 地方依恋、职业认同、社区参与、社区增权和社会资本对旅游目的地社区恢复力均具有显著的正向影响。按照影响程度,地方依恋、职业认同、社区增权和社会资本对旅游目的地社区恢复力的影响属于中效果,社区参与对旅游目的地社区恢复力的影响属于强效果。② 社区增权和社会资本对社区参与和旅游目的地社区恢复力的作用关系起着重要的中介作用。研究不仅拓展了旅游可持续发展研究的内容和视角,而且为增强旅游目的地适应能力提供了理论指导。

关键词: 社区恢复力, 地方依恋, 社区参与, 社区旅游, 可持续旅游

Abstract:

Given the seeming inevitability of social and environmental change, there is renewed interest, both from scientific and policy perspectives, in the ability of both greater society and communities in particular to cope with and positively adapt to crisis and change. Resilience thinking has emerged in recent years as a new sustainable development paradigm for providing novel perspectives on community development in the rapidly changing world. A thorough understanding of the influencing factors and mechanism of community resilience in tourism destinations following a disaster provides useful insights into the sustainable development of tourism destinations. Based on existing literature, a conceptual model depicting the relationships among community resilience, place attachment, occupational identity, community participation, community empowerment, and social capital is proposed and empirically examined with case studies of Dujiangyan and Jiuzhaigou in Sichuan Province. The empirical findings are as follows. First, place attachment, occupational identity, community participation, community empowerment, and social capital all have significant positive influence on community resilience in tourism destinations. Community participation is most influential among these, followed by occupational identity, social capital, community empowerment, and place attachment. Second, two paths were found in the impact mechanism between community participation and community resilience in tourism destinations: (1) directly and (2) indirectly mediated by community empowerment and social capital. Finally, the present study presents a theoretical framework designed to describe the mechanism of community resilience in tourism destinations.

Key words: community resilience, place attachment, community participation, community tourism, sustainable tourism