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地理研究    2018, Vol. 37 Issue (3): 473-479     DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201803002
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创新从土地类型到自然区划综合研究——倪绍祥先生的地理学思想与学术贡献
刘彦随()
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
A comprehensive study of innovation from land type to physical regionalization: The geographical thought and academic contribution of Ni Shaoxiang
LIU Yansui()
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
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摘要 

倪绍祥先生1939年6月生于江苏省无锡市。1964年本科毕业于北京大学地质地理系,1967年硕士毕业于华东师范大学地理系。曾在南京大学任教10余年,1983-1985年赴英国吕丁大学地理系进修遥感与土地资源。1994-2016年在南京师范大学地理科学学院任教。在50多年的科学研究与教育生涯中,倪先生矢志不渝、学贯东西、开拓创新,在自然地理学、遥感地学分析、自然资源评价等方面取得了丰硕成果和杰出成就。他先后主持或参加国家、部委及地方重点科研项目10余项,荣获教育部科技进步奖、江苏省科技进步奖、原国家土地管理局科技进步奖、江苏省哲学社会科学优秀成果奖、全国首届优秀地理图书奖等多项奖励,被授予“中国自然资源学会优秀科技工作者”“江苏省优秀科技工作者”“江苏省普通高校优秀学科带头人”“江苏省优秀研究生导师”等荣誉称号。倪先生从事地理学研究的学术思想与成就,主要归纳为土地类型与土地评价研究、资源利用与保护研究、环境遥感与草地蝗虫研究、综合自然地理研究等4个方面,为创新发展中国土地资源科学、综合自然地理学研究及专业学科建设、人才培养、学术交流做出了重要贡献。

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刘彦随
关键词 倪绍祥地理学思想学术贡献土地类型与评价综合自然地理学 
Abstract

Prof. Ni Shaoxiang was born in Wuxi city, Jiangsu province in June 1939. He attained his bachelor's degree from the Department of Geology and Geography, Peking University in 1964, and his master's degree from the Department of Geography, East China Normal University in 1967. He was an outstanding geographer who enjoyed great national reputation in the scientific community. He worked as a teacher at Nanjing University for more than 10 years, and pursued his study on remote sensing and land resources at the Department of Geography, Reading University in 1983-1985. From 1994 to 2016, he engaged in teaching at the Faculty of Geography, Nanjing Normal University. In more than 50 years of scientific research and education career, Prof. Ni has made remarkable achievements in various fields of geography, including natural geography, geo-analysis of remote sensing, and natural resources evaluation, through unswerving work, extensive study and pioneering research. He has presided over or participated in more than 10 national, ministerial and local key research projects, and won multiple prizes including Scientific and Technological Advancement Award by the Ministry of Education, Scientific and Technological Advancement Award by Jiangsu province, Scientific and Technological Advancement Award by the former State Bureau of Land Administration, Philosophy and Social Science Outstanding Achievement Award by Jiangsu province, and National Award for Outstanding Geography Book. He was also awarded the Outstanding Scientific and Technological Workers of China Society of Natural Resources, the Outstanding Scientific and Technological Workers of Jiangsu province, the Excellent Subject Leader of Universities in Jiangsu province, the Excellent Postgraduate Supervisor of Jiangsu province, etc. The geographical academic thought and achievement of Prof. Ni can be summarized in four aspects: land type and land evaluation, resource utilization and protection, environment remote sensing and grassland locust, and integrated physical geography. He has made great contributions to the discipline construction, personal training, and academic exchange of China's land resources science and integrated physical geography.

Key wordsNi Shaoxiang    geographical thought    academic contribution    land type and evaluation    integrated physical geography
收稿日期: 2017-11-08      出版日期: 2018-04-25
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(41130748)
引用本文:   
刘彦随 . 创新从土地类型到自然区划综合研究——倪绍祥先生的地理学思想与学术贡献[J]. 地理研究, 2018, 37(3): 473-479.
LIU Yansui . A comprehensive study of innovation from land type to physical regionalization: The geographical thought and academic contribution of Ni Shaoxiang[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2018, 37(3): 473-479.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/dlyj201803002      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I3/473
[1] 倪绍祥. 土地类型与土地评价概论. 3版. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2009.
[Ni Shaoxiang.Introduction to Land Type and Land Evaluation. 3rd ed. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2009.]
[2] 倪绍祥, 周生路. 应用多阶抽样解译法从遥感图像上提取土地类型信息. 遥感技术与应用, 1992, 7(4): 27-33.http://www.cqvip.com/Main/Detail.aspx?id=919830
[Ni Shaoxiang, Zhou Shenglu.Extracting of land type information from remotely sensed imagery using the multi-level sampling interpretation approach: A case study of the Huangpuchuan river catchment in Zhuogeer county of Inner Mongolia. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 1992, 7(4): 27-33.]
[3] 倪绍祥. 土地评价类别管见. 地域研究与开发, 1992, 11(3): 10-12.
[Ni Shaoxiang.On the land evaluation type. Areal Research and Development, 1992, 11(3): 10-12.]
[4] Ni Shaoxiang, Huang Xingyuan, Hu Youyuan, et al.GIS application in land suitability evaluation. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1992, 37(22): 1911-1914.http://www.cqvip.com/QK/86894X/199222/1005219413.html
[5] 倪绍祥, 秦昆, 蒋建军, . 农耕地地价评估方法的探讨: 以南京市六合县玉带乡为例. 地理学报, 1999, 54(2): 116-124.
[Ni Shaoxiang, Qin Kun, Jiang Jianjun, et al.A preliminary study on the methodology for price appraisal of cultivated land: Taking Yudai township of Liuhe county in Nanjing city as an example. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1999, 54(2): 116-124.]
[6] 倪绍祥, 王玲霞. 城市土地综合基准地价评估方法探讨. 地理研究, 1994, 13(4): 36-42.
[Ni Shaoxiang, Wang Lingxia.A preliminary study on the approach to assessing integrated datum price of urban land. Geographical Research, 1994, 13(4): 36-42.]
[7] 倪绍祥, 张屏. 论市场经济条件下农业资源的综合开发. 长江流域资源与环境, 1993, 2(3): 282-287.http://www.cqvip.com/Main/Detail.aspx?id=1000659
[Ni Shaoxiang, Zhang Ping.On comprehensive development of agricultural resources under the condition of the market economy. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 1993, 2(3): 282-287.]
[8] 倪绍祥, 蒋建军. 论农业资源综合开发项目区的选择与确定:以江苏省泰县为例. 南京大学学报: 自然科学版, 1994, 30(2): 334-343.
[Ni Shaoxiang, Jiang Jianjun.On selection and fixing of project region for integrated development of agricultural resources: Taking Tai county of Jiangsu province as an example. Journal of Nanjing University: Natural sciences Edition, 1994, 30(2): 334-343.]
[9] 倪绍祥, 蒋建军. 试论农业资源综合开发项目区开发方案的拟定. 自然资源学报, 1995, 10(1): 9-16. [Ni Shaoxaing, Jiang Jianjun.A preliminary study on drawing up the exploitation scheme of a project area for its integrated development of agricultural resources. Journal of Natural Resources, 1995, 10(1): 9-16.]
[10] 倪绍祥, 谭少华. 江苏省耕地安全问题探讨. 自然资源学报, 2002, 17(3): 307-312.http://www.cqvip.com/qk/96143X/200203/6253639.html [Ni Shaoxiang, Tan Shaohua.On the cultivated land security of Jiangsu province. Journal of Natural Resources, 2002, 17(3): 307-312.]
[11] 倪绍祥, 刘彦随. 区域土地资源优化配置及其可持续利用. 生态与农村环境学报, 1999, 15(2): 8-12.
DOI:     
[Ni Shaoxiang, Liu Yansui.Study on optimal allocation of land resource and its sustainable use. Rural Eco-Environment, 1999, 15(2): 8-12.]
[12] 倪绍祥. 环青海湖地区草地蝗虫遥感监测与预测. 上海: 上海科学技术出版社, 2002.
[Ni Shaoxiang.Monitoring and Prediction of Grasshopper in Qinghai Lake Region. Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers, 2002.]
[13] 倪绍祥. 内蒙古准格尔旗资源遥感研究. 北京: 中国科学技术出版社, 1992.
[Ni Shaoxiang.Resources Remote Sensing Research in Zhuogeer county of Inner-Mongolia. Beijing: Science and Technology of China Press, 1992.]
[14] 倪绍祥, 查勇, 蒋建军. 我国资源与环境遥感研究的进展与展望. 南京师大学报: 自然科学版, 1995, 18(3): 84-89.http://www.cqvip.com/qk/96482X/199503/1839270.html
[Ni Shaoxaing, Zha Yong, Jiang Jianjun.Progress and prospect of the studies on remote sensing in resources and environment in China. Journal of Nanjing Normal University: Natural Science, 1995, 18(3): 84-89.]
[15] 倪绍祥. 遥感与土地资源研究. 资源科学, 1987, 9(2): 88-94.http://www.cqvip.com/QK/90831A/198702/1003072432.html
[Ni Shaoxiang.Research on remote sensing and land resources. Resources Science, 1987, 9(2): 88-94.]
[16] 倪绍祥, 巩爱歧, 王薇娟. 环青海湖地区草地蝗虫发生的生态环境条件分析. 生态与农村环境学报, 2000, 16(1): 5-8.http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/ncsthj200001002 [Ni Shaoxiang, Gong Aiqi, Wang Weijuan.Ecological environment for incidence of grasshoppers in the Qinghai Lake region. Rural Eco-Environment, 2000, 16(1): 5-8.]
[17] 倪绍祥, 蒋建军, 王杰臣. 遥感与GIS在蝗虫灾害防治研究中的应用进展. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(1): 97-100.http://www.cqvip.com/qk/94631x/200001/4075727.html [Ni Shaoxiang, Jiang Jianjun, Wang Jiechen.Progress in application of remote sensing and GIS to the study of locust prevention and control. Advance in Earth Sciences, 2000, 15(1): 97-100.]
[18] 蒋建军, 倪绍祥, 韦玉春. GIS辅助下的环青海湖地区草地蝗虫生境分类研究. 遥感学报, 2002, 6(5): 387-392.http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/ygxb200205012 [Jiang Jianjun, Ni Shaoxiang, Wei Yuchun.Knowledge based grasshopper habitat classification approach supported by GIS in Qinghai Lake region. Journal of Remote Sensing, 2002, 6(5): 387-392.]
[19] 倪绍祥, 蒋建军, 巩爱岐, . 环青海湖地区草地生境的蝗虫潜在发生可能性评价. 生态学报, 2002, 22(3): 285-290.
[Ni Shaoxiang, Jiang Jianjun, Gong Aiqi, et al.Assessment of grassland habitats on potential occurrence of grasshoppers in the region around Qinghai Lake. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2002, 22(3): 285-290.]
[20] 倪绍祥. 苏联地理学界关于自然地理区划问题研究的近况. 地理研究, 1982, 1(1): 95-102.
[Ni Shaoxiang.Research progress on nature-geographical zoning in Soviet geography. Geographical Research, 1982, 1(1): 95-102.]
[21] 倪绍祥. 地理学综合研究的新进展. 地理科学进展, 2003, 22(4): 335-341.http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical_dlkxjz200304001.aspx [Ni Shaoxiang.New progress on the integrated studies in geography. Progress in Geography, 2003, 22(4): 335-341.]
[22] 倪绍祥, 查勇. 综合自然地理研究有关问题的探讨. 地理研究, 1998, 17(2): 113-118.
[Ni Shaoxiang, Zha Yong.A preliminary study on some issues in the study of integrated physical geography. Geographical Research, 1998, 17(2): 113-118.]
[23] 倪绍祥. 中国综合自然地理区划新探. 南京大学学报: 自然科学版, 1994, 30(4): 706-714.
[Ni Shaoxiang.A recent exploration of China's comprehensive physiographic regionalization. Journal of Nanjing University: Natural Science Edition, 1994, 30(4): 706-714.]
[24] 倪绍祥, 杨国良, 蒋建军, . 自然景观遥感解译基础上的华中自然区划研究. 长江流域资源与环境, 1997, 6(3): 219-226.http://www.cqvip.com/Main/Detail.aspx?id=2686397
[Ni Shaoxiang, Yang Guoliang, Jiang Jianjun, et al.Study on physical regionalization in the middle China region based on the interpretation of physical landscapes on remotely sensed imagery. Resources and Environment in Yangtze Basin, 1997, 6(3): 219-226.]
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