地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 678-694.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201804003

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于“城—村—地”三维视角的农村居民点整理策略——以江苏省新沂市为例

刘晶1(), 金晓斌1,2,3(), 范业婷1, 项晓敏1, 冉娜1, 周寅康1,2,3, 沈春竹2,4   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 国土资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室,南京 210023
    3. 南京大学自然资源研究中心,南京 210023
    4.江苏省土地勘测规划院,南京 210000
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-08 修回日期:2018-01-28 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-05-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘晶(1992- ),女,山东济南人,博士研究生,主要从事土地整治与土地利用规划研究。E-mail: 1774844075@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAD06B02)

Rural residential land consolidation strategy from a perspective synthesizing towns, villages and land parcels:A case study in Xinyi city, Jiangsu province

Jing LIU1(), Xiaobin JIN1,2,3(), Yeting FAN1, Xiaomin XIANG1, Na RAN1, Yinkang ZHOU1,2,3, Chunzhu SHEN2,4   

  1. 1. College of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Ministry of Land and Resources Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Development and Protection, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Natural Resources Research Center of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Jiangsu Institute of Land Surveying and Planning, Nanjing 210000, China
  • Received:2017-10-08 Revised:2018-01-28 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-05-28
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

农村居民点作为当前国土资源利用效率提升的重要潜力空间,对其进行调控研究是促进可持续乡村建设的重要内容。城镇作为区域社会经济文化中心,村城关系在一定程度上影响着农村居民点发展的空间潜力;土地作为农村居民点发展的支撑条件和空间载体,村地关系在一定程度上体现了农村居民点布局的适宜性及资源利用的协调性。在扎实推进新农村建设、统筹城乡发展、促进土地集约节约利用的背景下,将“城—村—地”纳入统一分析框架,有利于统筹不同空间尺度要素对居民点整理的影响。本研究立足农村行为主体的空间关联性,综合“城—村—地”三级空间对象,提出农村居民点整理策略分析框架;基于对农村居民点地域系统要素构成和结构层次的分析,从城镇发展辐射性、村域布局适宜性、土地利用协调性等三方面构建了农村居民点整理潜力评价体系,进而探讨了相应的农村居民点整理途径。最后选取江苏省新沂市进行实证分析,将其划分为优先整理区、重点整理区、适度挖潜区、优化调整区及特殊整理区等居民点用地整理类型,提出相应的整理模式及优化路径,以期为农村居民点的整理优化提供有益借鉴,助推可持续的城乡空间重构。

关键词: 农村居民点, 地域系统, 整理潜力, 空间布局, 优化

Abstract:

As an important potential space for improving the utilization efficiency of land resources, land consolidation of rural residential areas is an important part of promoting sustainable rural construction. Towns are the social, economic and cultural centers of the region. The relationship between towns and villages restricts the space potential of rural residential development while the relationship between villages and land parcels reflects the suitability of the layout of rural residential areas and the coordination of resource utilization. In the context of promoting the construction of "New Village" and harmonizing urban and rural development, this study integrates a hierarchy "town-village-land parcel" into a proposed strategy analysis framework to facilitate the spatial association of the behavior subjects in rural areas and the coordination among impacts of different spatial scale factors on land consolidation in rural residential areas. Meanwhile, this study constructs an evaluation system of rural residential land consolidation potential from aspects such as the development of town radiation, the suitability of the village layout and the coordination of land use and applies it to evaluate contemporary programs aiming at promoting the rural residential land consolidation based on the analysis of the elements and structure of rural residential land system. Finally, the study conducts a case study in Xinyi city, Jiangsu province. As a result, the rural residential land consolidation area within the city has been classified into five categories: the priority consolidation area, the key consolidation area, the moderate potential tapping area, the optimal consolidation area and the special consolidation area. Corresponding land consolidation modes and optimization means have further been discussed in order to provide a useful reference for the general rural residential land consolidation programs and promote the sustainable and harmonious urban and rural development.

Key words: rural residential land, regional system, consolidation potential, spatial distribution, optimization