地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 695-703.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201804004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于“三生”视角的乡村功能分区及调控——以长株潭地区为例

安悦1(), 周国华2, 贺艳华2, 毛克彪3, 谭雪兰1,2()   

  1. 1. 湖南农业大学资源环境学院,长沙 410128
    2. 湖南师范大学资源与环境学院,长沙 410081
    3. 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-10 修回日期:2018-01-20 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:安悦(1995- ),男,湖南娄底人,硕士,主要从事城乡规划及乡村地理研究。E-mail: 954221276@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571168);湖南省自然科学基金项目(2016JJ3075)

Research on the functional zoning and regulation of rural areas based on the production-life-ecological function perspective:A case study of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan area

Yue AN1(), Guohua ZHOU2, Yanhua HE2, Kebiao MAO3, Xuelan TAN1,2()   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
    2. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    3. National Hulunber Grassland Ecosystem Observation and Research Station, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2017-10-10 Revised:2018-01-20 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

随着城镇化的快速推进,中国社会经济发展进入转型期,乡村功能发展的多元化和空间分异特征日益明显。以长株潭地区23个县市区为研究地域单元,构建乡村功能评价指标体系及评价模型,揭示长株潭地区“生产—生活—生态”功能分异特征并进行功能分区与调控路径研究。结果表明:① 长株潭地区乡村“三生”功能空间分异特征明显,耕地资源丰富的醴陵市、浏阳市等地区生产功能较强,基础设施较为完善的荷塘区、岳塘区等地区生活功能较强,生态环境较好的茶陵县等地区生态功能较强。② 基于评价结果将研究区共划分为东部平原生产区、中部丘陵生活区、南部山地生态区、中部丘陵生态生活区和北部丘陵生态生产区5种类型功能区,其中东部平原生产区、中部丘陵生活区、南部山地生态区为长株潭地区的三生功能优势发展区,基于“优化主导优势功能、提升中等功能、改善弱势功能”的原则,提出各功能分区的调控路径与发展策略,从而为长株潭地区乡村功能转型发展与主导功能的识别及确定提供理论依据。

关键词: 乡村功能, 评价, 功能分区, 长株潭地区

Abstract:

With the rapid economic growth in the 21st century, China's economy has been in a transitional period of rapid development and a mass-type economic development. With the rapid urbanization and industrialization, the internal and external environments for the development of rural areas are experiencing significant changes. The rural areas have entered a new period of transformation and development, which has shown the characteristics of diversification and regionalization. There are great differences in their dominant superiority functions because of the differences in the basis of social and economic development, location conditions and resource endowments in different regions. Under the background, the development of rural functions has become a new topic of rural geography research. Meanwhile it has also become a new theory and a new paradigm for guiding the determination of dominance in rural areas and the development of space regulation in the new era. With the rapid urbanization, China's social and economic development has entered a transitional period, and the diversity of function of rural regional development and spatial differentiation has increasingly become apparent. Taking the Chang-Zhu-Tan area's 23 counties as a geographical unit, we construct an index system and evaluation model of rural area function evaluation, and reveal the feature of "Production-Life-Ecology" in the study area. The results showed that: (1) The characteristics of spatial differentiation of "production-life-ecological" function in rural areas in the study area are obvious. The cities of Liling and Liuyang with rich cultivated land has a strong production function, Hetang and Yuetang districts with well-equipped infrastructure have powerful living function, and Chaling County with better eco-environment has a strong ecological function. (2) Based on the evaluation results, the study area is divided into five types of functional areas, namely, the eastern plain production area, the central hilly living area, the southern mountainous ecological area, the central hilly ecological area and the northern hilly ecological area. Among them, the eastern plain production area, the central hilly living area and the southern mountainous ecological area are the tri-functional superiority development areas. Based on the principle of "optimizing the leading superiority function, enhancing the moderately-oriented function and improving the disadvantaged function", we propose the path of regulation and the strategy of development of each function zone, thus providing a theoretical basis for the recognition and determination of the rural function transformation and development and the leading function in the Chang-Zhu-Tan area.

Key words: rural function, evaluation, functional division, Chang-Zhu-Tan area