地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 797-813.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201804013

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

适宜性人力资本与区域经济协调发展

生延超1(), 周玉姣2   

  1. 1. 湖南商学院旅游与管理学院,长沙 410205
    2. 湖南商学院经济与贸易学院,长沙 410205
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-16 修回日期:2018-01-06 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-05-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:生延超(1978- ),男,河南南阳人,博士,教授,主要从事区域经济与产业经济研究。E-mail: 22714407@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDB132);国家社会科学基金青年项目(13CJL066);湖南省科技计划研究项目(2014FJ6056);湖南省社科规划项目(12JD41)

Appropriate human capital and coordinated development of regional economy

Yanchao SHENG1(), Yujiao ZHOU2   

  1. 1. The School of Tourism Management of Hunan University of Commerce, Changsha 410205, China
    2. The School of Economics and Trade of Hunan University of Commerce, Changsha 410205, China
  • Received:2017-10-16 Revised:2018-01-06 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-05-28
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

适宜性人力资本必须与区域产业结构、区域经济发展模式相匹配,才能最大程度地发挥不同层次人力资本的效能,以有效提升区域经济发展水平。从全国和区域层面出发,基于ESDA方法和空间计量分析方法,运用1998-2014年全国30个省市的面板数据,从初级、中级、高级人力资本、物质资本、劳动力、全要素生产率等要素视角探寻适宜性人力资本促进区域经济发展效能的空间差异,研究表明:① 人力资本与省域生产总值水平均存在显著的空间相关性和路径依赖性。② 在全国层面,初级、中级人力资本对区域经济增长作用不显著,高级人力资本则作用很明显。③ 在区域层面,东部及东北地区区域经济发展主要依赖高级人力资本,中部和西部初级人力资本贡献显著,中级人力资本在四个区域均不显著。这为区域人力资本培育和区域经济高速发展政策制定奠定了理论基础。

关键词: 适宜性人力资本, 区域经济, 协调发展

Abstract:

Appropriate human capital (AHC) should match regional industrial structure and regional economic development model, because a matched AHC can maximize human capital effectiveness to enhance the level of regional economic development. Taking both national and regional levels into account, we use the panel data of 30 Chinese provinces and cities from 1998 to 2014. We introduce ESDA method and spatial econometric method for us to examine the spatial differences in AHC promoting regional economic development effectiveness from the perspectives of primary human capital, intermediate human capital, advanced human capital, material capital, labor force, total factor productivity and other factors. Our research shows that (1) there are significant spatial correlations and path dependence between human capital and regional GDP, (2) at the national level, the impact of primary and intermediate human capitals on regional economic growth is insignificant, whereas the impact of advanced human capital is obvious, and (3) at the regional level, in the eastern and northeastern regions, the economic development mainly relies on advanced human capital, in the central and western regions, the impact of primary human capital is significant, and in the four regions the impact of intermediate human capital is not significant. The findings lay a theoretical foundation for regional talent cultivation and policy making of regional economic development.

Key words: appropriate human capital, regional economy, coordinated development