地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 849-869.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201805001

所属专题: 雄安新区

• 观点与争鸣 •    下一篇

雄安新区:如何建成生态与创新之都

葛全胜1(), 董晓峰2(), 毛其智3, 张文忠1, 杜龙江4,5, 张伟6, 何春阳7,8, 吴殿廷8, 吕拉昌9, 陈明星1, 孙进柱10, 孙斌栋11,12, 赵鹏军13, 潘竟虎14, 彭建13, 强海洋15   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 北京交通大学城市规划设计研究院,建艺学院,北京 100044
    3. 清华大学建筑学院,人居环境研究中心,北京 100084
    4. 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室 北京 100038
    5. 中国水利水电科学研究院,北京 100038
    6. 北京城市系统工程研究中心,北京 100035
    7. 北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
    8. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    9. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院,管理学院,北京 100037
    10. 河北保定市地方志办公室,保定 071051
    11. 教育部人文社科重点研究基地 ——华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062;
    12. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
    13. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    14. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,兰州 730070
    15. 中国国土资源经济研究院,北京 101149
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-13 修回日期:2018-05-02 出版日期:2018-05-20 发布日期:2018-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:葛全胜(1963- ),男,安徽安庆人,博士,研究员,主要从事全球变化研究。E-mail: geqs@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    北京交通大学基础科研经费人文社科专项基金(2016jdz02);国家自然科学基金项目(41271184,41471136);国家社科基金重大项目(17ZDA068);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地基金项目(16JJD790012)

How to build Xiong'an New Area into an ecological and innovation city?

Quansheng GE1(), Xiaofeng DONG2(), Qizhi MAO3, Wenzhong ZHANG1, Longjiang DU4,5, Wei ZHANG6, Chunyang HE7,8, Dianting WU8, Lachang LV9, Mingxing CHEN1, Jinzhu SUN10, Bindong SUN11,12, Pengjun ZHAO13, Jinghu PAN14, Jian PENG13, Haiyang QIANG15   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2.Institute of Urban Planning and Design, College of Architecture & Design, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China;
    3. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    4. State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, Beijing 100038, China
    5. China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
    6. Beijing Research Center of Urban System Engineering, Beijing 100035, China
    7. Key State Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    8. Faculty of Geographic Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    9. School of Resources and Environment and Tourism, School of Management, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China
    10. Office of Local Chronicles Compilation of Baoding Municipal Government, Baoding 071051, Hebei, China
    11. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    12. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    13. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    14. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
    15. Chinese Academy of Land and Resource Economics, Beijing 101149, China
  • Received:2018-04-13 Revised:2018-05-02 Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-05-20
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

建设雄安新区,是千年大计、国家大事。为落实中央决策,我们突出强调将雄安建设成为生态与创新之都。来自地理学及人居环境科学领域的16位专家,以笔谈方式,对此开展了深入讨论。认为雄安新区的发展,应该坚持和秉承以下观念。一是宜居安全观,需要优化调控区域资源环境承载力,突出安全第一,切实防范洪涝灾害、环境污染等风险,以创建宜居宜业宜游的城市为目标,走全面宜居城市之路。二是生态城市观,应积极采用低碳生态技术,有机组织城市区域生态系统与空间布局,建设绿色基础设施系统,保证城市生态系统良性循环,走系统化的生态城市之路。三是创新核心观,应该以科技文化为灵魂,推进科技创新、文化创新与管理创新等全面创新,突出科技创新核心,建设新一代可持续发展的科技创新之都。四是区域统筹观,应从流域视角、区域一体化视角,统筹新区建设,注重区域协作,共享共生,互动互补,带动区域转型新型发展,走区域深度协同发展之路。五是文化城市观,重视历史文化保护与城市文化艺术发展,倡导文化包容与和谐,探索中华人文生态特色新型城市风貌,走文化特色城市发展之路。六是综合品质观,强调城市生态经济社会全面高水平发展,突出全面高质量与高标准发展理念,建立国际领先的质量标准体系与规范体系,发展智慧城市,全面加强综合质量监测评价与督察,结合文化品质追求,配套先进的社会公共设施与保障系统,走综合高品质发展之路。七是典型示范观,努力将雄安新区打造成生态创新的城市示范区和新型城市化的样板城市,促进京津冀建设生态与创新型世界城市群。

关键词: 雄安新区, 生态城市, 创新城市, 可持续发展

Abstract:

To develop Xiong'an New Area (XNA) is one of the major national strategies and seen as the "new millennium project" in China. Sixteen experts from geography and human habitat sciences have made a thorough discussion on how to ensure Xiong'an to be built into an ecological and innovation city as a response to the implementation of the CPC Central Committee's requirements. Several key principles have been suggested as follows for the construction of Xiong'an: (1) Livability security. Specific policies should be made to optimize regional resources and environmental carrying capacity, put the safety in the first place, and effectively prevent flooding, atmospheric and other disasters, with the goal of human habitat environment favorable to live, work and play, in order to build a livable city. (2) Eco-city. Low-carbon technologies should be actively applied to organically shape the urban and regional ecological system and spatial structure. A green infrastructure system should be built. (3) Innovation. All-round innovation such as technological, cultural and management innovation should be promoted to build a new generation of sustainable development of science and technology innovation capital. (4) Regional coordination. XNA development actions should be coordinated with regional integration, as well as water system and environmental protection, through the solid regional cooperation to achieve reciprocal development. (5) Cultural city. The protection of traditional culture and the development of urban culture and arts should be attached great importance, cultural inclusiion and harmony should be advocated to explore the characteristics of a new type of urban culture with Chinese characteristics of humanities and ecology. (6) Comprehensive quality development. Emphasis should be placed on comprehensive development of urban ecology, economy and society. The concept of comprehensive high-quality and high-standard development should be highlighted to establish an international-leading-quality standard system and quality supervision should be comprehensively strengthened. Advanced social public facilities and security system should be constructed. (7) Pilot and demonstration. Xiong'an should be built into a successful model city in ecological innovation and new urbanization.

Key words: Xiong'an NewArea (XNA), eco-city, innovation city, sustainable development