地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 883-897.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201805003

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于引力模型的经济空间结构时空演变分析——以河南省为例

齐梦溪1(), 鲁晗2, 曹诗颂1, 王文娟3, 邵静1, 赵文吉1()   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学资源环境与地理信息系统北京市重点实验室,北京 100048
    2. 四川农业大学资源学院,成都 611130
    3. 河南财经政法大学资源与环境学院,郑州 450046
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-15 修回日期:2018-03-25 出版日期:2018-05-20 发布日期:2018-06-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:齐梦溪(1992- ),女,河南鹤壁人,硕士,研究方向为GIS方法与应用。E-mail: Qmengxi21@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601458,41571154)

Spatial and temporal evolution of economic spatial structure based on gravity model: A case of Henan province, China

Mengxi QI1(), Han LU2, Shisong CAO1, Wenjuan WANG3, Jing SHAO1, Wenji ZHAO1()   

  1. 1. Resources, Environment and Geographic Information System Key Laboratory of Beijing, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
    2. College of Resources, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
    3. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China
  • Received:2017-12-15 Revised:2018-03-25 Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-06-26
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

基于经济引力模型与空间自相关理论,运用空间—时间热点分析方法,系统收集2001年至2014年间人均GDP、进出口总额和外商在豫直接投资实际利用额等经济指标,对位处中原地带的河南省经济空间结构时空演变路径进行分析。结果表明:① 全省各市经济发展具有内在相关性,以郑州市为中心形成了经济发展核心带动区,并对其辐射范围内相邻城市经济,表现出明显正向带动效应。而东南部地区城市间,经济发展较为落后且经济联系强度较弱,城市经济彼此之间带动作用不显著,因此,在全省范围内最终形成了较为典型的“中心—外围”模式经济空间结构。② 人均GDP以市为单位呈现出较强的空间自相关性,全省中西部为高水平经济发展集聚区,而东部经济发展水平则普遍低于全省的平均水准。③ 在该研究区域内,各市经济在空间上的集聚过程随时间的变化整体上呈现出较为稳定的演变状态,且与人均GDP的演化趋势、外商和港澳台商在豫直接投资情况,均表现出较好的一致性。全省经济发展的地域演变方向与国家出台的经济政策具有紧密的联系。

关键词: 经济空间结构, 引力模型, 时空分布特征, 空间自相关, 集聚效应, 河南省

Abstract:

Based on spatial autocorrelation theory and economic gravity model, using the method of spatial statistics analysis, we collected the economic indicators such as per capita GDP, total import and export, and capital actually used of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Henan by foreign countires, as well as Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. Further, this paper analyzed the spatial and temporal evolution trajectories of economic spatial structure in Henan Province. The conclusions were as follows: (1) There was an economic link among each city. Zhengzhou, as the economic center of Henan, had a positive impact on the economic development of the surrounding cities. The economic links among cities were weak in southeastern Henan. Therefore, the economic spatial structure of the province showed a typical "Core-Peripheral" feature. (2) Per capita GDP of each city presents strong spatial autocorrelation. Cities in central-western Henan had become a region of high-level economic agglomeration, while eastern Henan was generally lower than the province's average of economic development. (3) Within the study area, the economic growth showed a certain degree of stability in the process of the spatial agglomeration. The process of urban economic agglomeration showed a good consistency with the evolution trend of GDP per capita and FDI. Finally, the spatial and temporal evolution of the economic spatial structure of Henan province is closely related to the economic policies that have been released by the government.

Key words: economic spatial structure, gravity model, spatial and temporal distribution characteristics, spatial autocorrelation, agglomeration effect, Henan province