地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 995-1008.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201805011

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

绩效视角下区域旅游发展格局的时空动态及耦合关系——以泛长江三角洲为例

黄睿1,2(), 王坤3(), 黄震方1, 陆玉麒1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京旅游职业学院旅游管理学院,南京 211100
    3. 贵州大学旅游与文化产业学院,贵阳 550025
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-01 修回日期:2018-03-26 出版日期:2018-05-20 发布日期:2018-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄睿(1989- ),男,江苏扬中人,博士研究生,研究方向为人文地理。E-mail: nanjinglvyou1989@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41501148,41671137);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41430635)

Spatio-temporal dynamics and coupling relationship of regional tourism development pattern from the perspective of performance: A case study of Pan-Yangtze River Delta

Rui HUANG1,2(), Kun WANG3(), Zhenfang HUANG1, Yuqi LU1   

  1. 1. College of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Nanjing Institute of Tourism & Hospitality, Nanjing 211100, China;
    3. College of Tourism and Culture Industry, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
  • Received:2017-09-01 Revised:2018-03-26 Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-05-20
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

从绩效视角下对区域旅游发展格局的动态把握是认识区域旅游空间结构、配置旅游业生产要素和实现旅游业提质增效的重要依据。以泛长江三角洲为研究对象,运用ESDA、LISA时间路径和重心轨迹等研究方法,从业绩和效率二维视角对2000-2015年区域城市旅游发展 格局的时空动态及其耦合关系进行分析。研究发现:① 区域旅游发展业绩和效率的时空格局动态变迁路径差异明显,旅游发展业绩总体空间格局呈现显著的正向空间相关性,局部空间结构和空间依赖方向上都具有较强的稳定性,并以协同增长为主;旅游发展效率虽然总体空间格局的相关性不断增强,但其局部空间结构和空间依赖方向上的波动性较强,协同与竞争并存。② 这种空间格局动态的分异是由于区域旅游发展业绩的空间格局具有较强的转移惰性,存在路径依赖和空间锁定,而区域旅游发展效率的局部空间结构极不稳定,类型切换较为活跃、频繁。③ 区域旅游发展业绩和效率的重心趋于集聚,空间耦合关系不断增强。其耦合分布上,上海、苏南、浙东北和皖南地区城市多属于高绩高效型城市,高绩低效型城市多集中在区域中心城市及其周边地区,苏北、苏中、皖北和皖中等地区多为低绩高效型或低绩低效型城市。

关键词: 旅游发展, 时空动态, 耦合关系, 泛长江三角洲

Abstract:

It is paramount to hold the trends of regional tourism development pattern from the perspective of performance, which plays a fundamental role for understanding the spatial structure of regional tourism, distributing production factors in tourism industry and improving quality and efficiency of tourism industry. Taking the Pan-Yangtze River Delta as a study case, this paper used the methods of exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA), LISA Time Path and Centre-of-Gravity Path to analyze the space-time dynamism and spatial coupling of regional tourism cities' development pattern from the perspective of performance and efficiency from 2000 to 2015. Results showed that: (1) significant positive spatial correlation and spatial agglomeration in regional tourism development achievement were identified, showing strong stability in its partial spatial structure and spatial dependence direction, while the spatial correlation and agglomeration increased gradually which showed significant volatility in its partial spatial structure; (2) the differentiation of spatial dynamic pattern between the regional tourism development performance and efficiency resulted from the fact that the spatial pattern had transfer inertia, reflecting path dependence and spatial locking characteristics. Local spatial structure of regional tourism development efficiency was unstable - the changes between different types were active and frequent; (3) significant spatial coupling characteristics between the regional tourism development performance and efficiency were detected in this study. In this spatial distribution results of coupling type, Shanghai, South Jiangsu, North Zhejiang and South Anhui belonged to the High achievement-High efficiency cities, while the High achievement-Low efficiency cities gathered around regional central cities and regional central cities' surrounding areas, and North Jiangsu, Central Jiangsu, North and Central Anhui were classified into Low achievement-High efficiency or Low achievement-Low efficiency cities.

Key words: tourism development, space-time dynamics, coupling relationship, Pan-Yangtze River Delta