地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 1070-1086.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201806002

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州市产业生态化时空演变特征及驱动因素

张国俊1(), 王珏晗2, 庄大昌1()   

  1. 1. 广东财经大学公共管理学院,广州 510320
    2. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-07 修回日期:2018-04-02 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-07-06
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张国俊(1977- ),女,湖北公安人,博士,讲师,研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划。E-mail: guojunz@gdufe.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601161);广东省自然科学基金项目(2017A030313224);2017年度广州市哲学社会科学“十三五”规划课题(2017GZZK16)

The characteristics and driving forces of spatial and temporal evolution of industrial ecology in Guangzhou

Guojun ZHANG1(), Juehan WANG2, Dachang ZHUANG1()   

  1. 1. School of Public Policy and Management, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Guangzhou 510320, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-01-07 Revised:2018-04-02 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-07-06
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

从产业效率和生态效率两个维度构建广州市产业生态化综合评价指标体系,采用熵值法与耦合评价模型,探究2005-2015年广州市产业生态化总体水平的时空演变特征、剖析了产业与生态效率协调关系的演变,并就其驱动因素进行了分析。结果表明:从时间演变特征看,广州市产业生态化发展总体水平在波动中持续提升,其中生态效率较产业效率的提升幅度更大;从空间分布特征看,总体呈现由核心区向主城区和外围区递减的分布格局;从空间演化看,区域间的总体水平差异变小,分布格局保持相对稳定;广州市产业与生态效率的总体协调程度稳步上升,协调类型的层次在空间上总体呈现从外围向核心区逐步提升趋势,协调类型的演变可分为协调深化发展、协调发展和专业化发展三种模式。产业发展策略、城市空间发展战略、环境监管、技术创新与应用以及企业节能减排的意识是广州市产业生态化发展的重要驱动因素。

关键词: 产业生态化, 时空演变, 协调, 驱动因素, 广州市

Abstract:

By using the entropy method and the coupling assessment model, this paper constructs the comprehensive evaluation index system of industrial ecology in Guangzhou from two dimensions, i.e., the economic efficiency and ecological efficiency. Then it explores the spatial and temporal evolution of the industrial ecology in Guangzhou from 2005 to 2015, and analyzes the coordinative evolution of the economic efficiency and ecological efficiency, as well as its driving forces. The results show that: (1) According to the temporal evolution characteristics, the industrial ecological development in Guangzhou continues to improve on the whole despite of some fluctuations, with the improvement rate of ecological efficiency higher than that of economic efficiency. (2) In terms of spatial distribution, the industrial ecological development presents the distribution pattern featured by the decreasing level from the core area to the main urban area and further to the peripheral area. From the perspective of spatial evolution, the overall level difference among regions has become smaller, which remained a relatively stable distribution pattern. (3) The overall coordination degree between economic efficiency and ecological efficiency in Guangzhou is rising steadily. The level of the coordination type shows the trend of gradual improvement from the peripheral area to the core area. The evolution mode of coordination type can be divided into three types: coordinated deepening development, coordinated development and professional development. (4) Industrial development strategy, urban spatial development strategy, environmental supervision, technological innovation and application, as well as enterprises' awareness of energy conservation and emission reduction, are the important driving forces for the development of industrial ecology in Guangzhou.

Key words: industrial ecology, spatial and temporal evolution, coordination, driving forces, Guangzhou city