地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 1238-1250.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201806013

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

学位论文开题报告设计:极易被忽视的重要环节——以人文—经济地理学为例

汪德根()   

  1. 苏州大学建筑学院, 苏州 215123
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-11 修回日期:2018-03-10 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-06-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:汪德根(1973- ),男,安徽黄山人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市与区域规划和高铁效应研究。E-mail: wdg713@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471125,41771125);中国科协精品科技期刊工程“中国地理资源期刊集群的持续建设与实践”

The design of dissertation proposal, an important aspect highly prone to being neglected: A case study of Human-economic Geography

Degen WANG()   

  1. School of Architecture, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2017-12-11 Revised:2018-03-10 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-10
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

实施“科教兴国”战略离不开创新型科研人才,而研究生教育是培养创新型人才的重要途径。学位论文成为衡量研究生培养质量的重要标尺,作为学位论文的源头——开题报告很大程度上决定着学位论文的学术水平与品质,成为研究生创新能力培养的关键环节。而在现实中,学位论文开题报告冷落到“读之乏味,弃之难行”的“鸡肋”尴尬地位。以人文—经济地理学为例,对开题报告的“鸡肋”尴尬现象进行剖析并揭示背后推手;从认知、技能和设计等层面阐述成功设计开题报告的3个关键抓手:一是高屋建瓴认知到开题报告的“验前导后”枢纽作用;二是锻造简练揣摩的学术技能,尤其详述开题报告篇幅占比最大的文献综述及启示的技能,即文献挑选技能、文献阅读技能、文献述评技能——避堆砌、寻关联、增研值、亮突口和明观点等设计要领;三是远见卓识地深入设计开题报告,特别要掌握开题报告中最重要四部分——论文题目及摘要、选题依据、文献综述及启示、论文研究方案等内容的设计要领。

关键词: 开题报告, 设计, 学位论文, 硕博研究生, 人文—经济地理学

Abstract:

Postgraduate education is an important way to cultivate innovative talents, which is of great significance for implementing the national strategy of Rejuvenating China through Science and Technology. Accordingly, dissertation is used as a major indicator to evaluate the quality of postgraduate training program. Dissertation proposal, as a start of dissertation, will determine the level and quality of dissertation to a large extent, thus, it also play an important part in cultivating the innovation ability of postgraduates. In reality, dissertation proposal is largely ignored, which makes it like a "chicken rib", distasteful and boring to read but its existence is still necessary. The paper will analyze this phenomenon and reveals the reasons behind. The three significant sections of an excellent proposal design are demonstrated from cognition, skill and design aspects. The paper can help realize the pivotal role of "verification and guidance" of the proposal; acquire the academic skills such as simplification; acquire the academic skills on selecting, reading, and reviewing literature for the designing of literature review and enlightenment sections, which occupy a large proportion of dissertation proposal. Avoiding piling up, searching for correlation, increasing research significance, finding a breakthrough, and elaborating a point are essential factors for a dissertation proposal. The proposal should be designed with a far sighted view, especially for these four important parts: title and abstract, topic basis, literature review and enlightenment, and research design.

Key words: dissertation proposal, design, dissertation, postgraduates and doctoral students, Human-economic Geography