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地理研究    2018, Vol. 37 Issue (7): 1308-1319     DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201807005
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制度演化与区域经济弹性——两个资源枯竭型城市的比较
胡晓辉1(),张文忠2
1. 浙江财经大学公共管理学院,杭州 310018
2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
Institutional evolution and regional economic resilience: A comparison of two resource-exhausted cities in China
HU Xiaohui1(),ZHANG Wenzhong2
1. School of Public Administration, Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China;
2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
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摘要 

区域经济弹性是后危机时代经济地理学一个热门研究议题。已有研究侧重于将区域经济弹性概念化成区域经济体在受到冲击或干扰后所表现出来的一种应对能力和手段,但缺乏动态演化观。基于制度演化视角,将区域经济弹性概念化成一种制度演化过程,并根据制度演化的不同模式(如层叠、转化和替代等),提出了一种分析和理解区域经济弹性差异的方法。该方法将被应用到中国两个典型资源枯竭型城市(山东枣庄和辽宁阜新)的经济弹性比较分析中。通过关注2000年后两地新产业的诞生过程和机理,结果显示:枣庄的经济弹性同制度良性层叠和转化这两种模式密切相关,这两种模式有利于促进区域产业更新和多样化;然而,阜新的经济弹性则表现出一种对原有制度的不断厚化过程,使得在产业上体现了较强的路径持续和拓展性。制度演化视角能结合区域经济弹性的过程、能力和结果这三个方面,有助于提升区域经济弹性的理论和实证研究。

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胡晓辉
张文忠
关键词 区域经济弹性制度演化产业动态资源枯竭型城市枣庄阜新 
Abstract

The existing literature on economic resilience of cities and regions shows that attention has been mainly paid to its characterization as capabilities and outcomes, while little research has been conducted on it as processes. This paper aims to address this knowledge gap. Drawing upon institutional change theories, this paper proposes an approach, and tries to explain how different modes of the institutional change affect industrial evolution and thus generate divergent resilience of cities. The approach is applied to the two case studies of Chinese mining cities, namely Zaozhuang in Shandong province and Fuxin in Liaoning province, which are both faced with resource depletion since 2000. By focusing on the ways in which new industries emerge, the empirical investigation illustrates that Zaozhuang's resilience involves positive layering and conversion that have enabled industrial renewal and diversification, whereas Fuxin's resilience unfolds with institutional thickening, characterized by industrial adjustment with strong effects of path persistence and extension. This study suggests that the institutional change approach can better update the understanding of regional resilience by incorporating processes, capabilities and outcomes.

Key wordsregional economic resilience    institutional evolution    industrial dynamics    resource-exhausted cities    Zaozhuang    Fuxin
收稿日期: 2018-01-19      出版日期: 2018-08-03
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(41601113);浙江省哲学社会科学重点研究基地浙商研究中心课题成果(17ZSJD05YB);湖北师范大学资源枯竭城市转型与发展研究中心开放基金项目(KF2017Y03);浙江省2017年“钱江人才计划”项目
引用本文:   
胡晓辉, 张文忠 . 制度演化与区域经济弹性——两个资源枯竭型城市的比较[J]. 地理研究, 2018, 37(7): 1308-1319.
HU Xiaohui, ZHANG Wenzhong . Institutional evolution and regional economic resilience: A comparison of two resource-exhausted cities in China[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2018, 37(7): 1308-1319.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/dlyj201807005      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I7/1308
Fig.1  制度视角下区域经济弹性分析框架
Fig. 2  1986-2014年枣庄和阜新区域经济发展轮廓和轨迹
城市 项目
制度演化模式 演化推动者类型 产业动态特征 区域经济弹性
枣庄 良性层叠与转化
(服务新的目标、面向转型性)
颠覆分子和机会主义者
(地方领导层)
产业多元化和路径更新
(新旧产业互动)
可持续、转型性强、有活力
(有利于经济重塑)
阜新 厚化
(迎合和服从国家政策、且面向持续性)
共栖者和机会主义者
(央企和地方政府)
路径依赖和锁定
(新旧产业分离)
短暂不可持续、转型性差、活力不足
(不利于经济重塑)
Tab. 1  枣庄和阜新制度演化、产业动态和区域经济弹性
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