Local embeddedness and global production network of industrial clusters: Case study of the cultural creative districts in Shanghai
HE Jinliao1,2(),HUANG Xianjin2(),SI Yuefang3
1. Institute of Urban Development and Research, Shanghai 200062, China 2. Research Center of Human Geography, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China 3. School of Urban & Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
The recent emergence of creative industries in Shanghai received much attention from policy and urban studies. Previous literature concentrated primarily on local cluster policy and the association with urban regeneration, while the embeddedness to what extent creative clusters in Shanghai are linked with different geographical levels of market has yet been fully understood. This paper aims to examine the structure of economic linkages of highly agglomerated creative clusters in Shanghai from the perspective of global production networks (GPNs) theory. By GPNs, both local and non-local forces are taken into account through an examination of the value-chains of production and consumption, namely labor market, external supply of intermediate inputs, customers, firms, and collaborators. Results show that the creative clusters in Shanghai are globally embedded into multi-scale markets. First, there is an evident tendency towards localization in every branch of linkages, especially in the labor market and external supply sides. Whereas, the international interactions are strongly observed in the consumption and collaboration sides, such as culture media and R&D industries. In addition, foreign collaboration in the operation of the creative economy in Shanghai is particularly significant because of their interdependent and complimentary relationship. This study also provides an important reference to reveal the mechanism of the formation of GPNs and local embeddedness of creative clusters in the metropolitan areas of China.
. 产业集群的地方嵌入与全球生产网络链接——以上海文化创意产业园区为例[J]. 地理研究,
2018, 37(7): 1447-1459.
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