地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1515-1527.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201808004

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中国省域资源环境的投入产出效率评价

唐志鹏1,2()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-28 修回日期:2018-05-24 出版日期:2018-08-20 发布日期:2018-09-08
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:唐志鹏(1978- ),男,四川成都人,博士,副研究员,主要从事区域经济与区域可持续发展模拟研究等。E-mail:tangzp@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41430636);国家自然科学基金项目(41571518)

Evaluation on Chinese provincial resource input and environmental output efficiencies from 2000 to 2015

Zhipeng TANG1,2()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-02-28 Revised:2018-05-24 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-09-08
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

合理开发利用资源环境是实现中国未来人地关系和谐演进的关键。基于集对分析和熵值法对2000-2015年中国省域资源环境的投入产出效率作了综合评价。结果表明:① 全国农用地投入的经济效率一直相对最好,农药和化肥投入的利用率次之;其次是水资源投入,最后是能源投入,环境产出的效率优劣顺序依次为废水排放,SO2排放和烟尘排放;② 从2000-2015年中国省域资源环境效率的同异反态势来看,东部沿海省份多为弱同势和准同势,序号等级较高,而中西部省份多为强反势和弱反势,序号等级较低,呈现出由东往西逐渐降低的格局分布;③ 资源环境的投入产出综合效率高的省域主要集中在京津鲁、苏浙沪以及闽粤琼等东部沿海地区,而综合效率低的省域主要集中在晋宁青新甘贵内蒙古等中西部地区。

关键词: 集对分析, 同异反态势, 人地关系, 资源环境, 熵值法

Abstract:

A reasonable utilization of resource and environment is the key to achieve Chinese man-land relationship harmonious evolution in the future. This paper evaluates Chinese provincial resource input and environmental output efficiencies from 2000 to 2015 based on set pair analysis and entropy method. The results show that: (1) In the rank of resources input efficiencies, the efficiency of agricultural land and pesticides and fertilizers input is high, the benefit of water resource input is moderate, and the efficiency of energy input is low, and in the rank of resources input efficiencies, the efficiency of wastewater discharge is the highest, the efficiency of sulfur dioxide emission is moderate, and the efficiency of soot emission is the lowest. (2) From the view of the tendency of the similarities, differences and counters of Chinese provincial resource and environmental efficiencies, most of eastern coastal provinces present high rank, while central and western provinces present low rank, the pattern of decrease from east to west is very clear. (3) The eastern coastal provinces which present high comprehensive efficiencies of resource input and environmental output are distributed in Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Fujian, Guangdong and Hainan; conversely, the provinces which present low comprehensive efficiencies of resource input and environmental output are mainly distributed in the central and western provinces such as Shanxi, Ningxia, Qinghai, Gansu, Guizhou and Inner Mongolia.