地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1575-1586.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201808008

• • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市域制造业的空间演化特征

刘霄泉1(), 孙铁山2, 李国平2()   

  1. 1. 北京第二外国语学院旅游管理学院,北京 100024
    2. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-01 修回日期:2018-05-27 出版日期:2018-08-20 发布日期:2018-09-08
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘霄泉(1982- ),女,陕西富平人,副教授,研究方向为城市与区域经济,旅游区域战略。E-mail: ifcoldyf@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部社会科学基金项目(12YJC790124);国家社会科学基金项目(12CJY025);国家自然科学基金项目(41371005)

Spatial restructuring of manufacturing industries in Beijing

Xiaoquan LIU1(), Tieshan SUN2, Guoping LI2()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
    2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2018-03-01 Revised:2018-05-27 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-09-08
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

北京市域制造业在结构调整的同时也在不断发生空间格局的变动。在京津冀协同发展战略的推进下,北京非首都功能疏解不断加速,将进一步加剧北京制造业产业结构的调整,进而影响空间格局的演化。利用2008年和2013年北京市经济普查数据中街道、镇乡的制造业大类的就业数据,从街乡的尺度,分析探讨北京市域内制造业的空间演化特征与趋势。研究显示:2008-2013年北京市制造业的产业结构和空间结构均趋向集聚,增长产业是制造业空间集聚的主导力量,在引导制造业空间进一步集聚的同时,形成了明晰的空间分异,增长产业更加趋向于在专门化程度更高的地区集聚,就重点街乡来看,北部地区的空间发展趋势将较为稳定,南部地区可能成为未来需要重点关注的高变动区域。

关键词: 北京市, 制造业, 结构调整, 空间演化

Abstract:

The spatial restructuring of industries is usually accompanied with the upgrade of industrial structure. This study analyzes the changes in the industrial composition and the spatial distribution of manufacturing employment in Beijing from 2008 to 2013 based on the economic census data of Beijing. The analysis shows that during the period from 2008 to 2013, the adjustment of manufacturing employment structure of Beijing has speeded up. We categorize the manufacturing industries of Beijing into two groups, namely declining and growing industries, according to the changes in their employment shares to the total manufacturing employment of Beijing. Although the spatial changes of declining industries were more significant than those of growing industries, the redistribution of manufacturing industries from 2008 to 2013 was still mainly driven by growing industries. Since growing industries have become more concentrated, the overall spatial change of manufacturing industries in Beijing was also characterized by the increase of industrial agglomeration. The analysis also shows that growing industries tended to be concentrated in a few sub-districts along the Sixth Ring Road, especially those areas that intersect with major highways. Through analyzing the industrial composition of each sub-district by the Herfindahl index, we find that the areas with more manufacturing industries, especially those with more growing industries, have become more specialized. We identify the specialized industries of each sub-district based on the location quotient of each industry in the sub-district, and the analysis shows that the areas with more declining industries usually have a larger number of specialized industries, while the areas with more growing industries tend to have fewer but more significant specialized industries. This may imply that with the industrial restructuring and the spatial agglomeration of manufacturing activities in Beijing, growing industries are inclined to be specialized in certain areas and form more distinct geographical functional divisions. The south part of Beijing is worthy of attention, since it may face more adjustments and challenges with the dramatic industrial restructuring of Beijing's economy.

Key words: Beijing, manufacturing industries, structural adjustment, spatial restructuring