地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1751-1761.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201809008

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珠江三角洲旅游创新的协调发展研究——基于二象对偶理论视角

江金波(), 唐金稳   

  1. 华南理工大学经济与贸易学院,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-23 修回日期:2018-07-19 出版日期:2018-10-22 发布日期:2018-10-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:江金波(1966- ),男,江西上饶人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为旅游创新与区域旅游。 E-mail:jbjiang@scut.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671150)

The coordinated development of regional tourism innovation in the Pearl River Delta: Based on interduality theory

Jinbo JIANG(), Jinwen TANG   

  1. School of Economics and Commerce, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2018-03-23 Revised:2018-07-19 Online:2018-10-22 Published:2018-10-22
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

以珠江三角洲九城市为研究对象,借用区域创新二象对偶评价模型,构建区域旅游创新评价指标体系,测算区域旅游创新综合发展水平以及协调发展水平。通过对区域旅游创新的综合发展水平、协调水平进行评价,发现珠三角九市旅游创新发展呈现U型的不协调发展态势。其中广州、中山的旅游创新能力较强,但是协调度不高;深圳的旅游创新能力较强,协调度较高;其他6城市的旅游创新综合水平较低,协调度较高。据此,应采取加大旅游业创新投入、强化旅游产业创新支撑、加速旅游创新扩散,加强广州、深圳与其他城市之间的合作创新等相关措施,大力推动珠江三角洲九市旅游创新的协调发展,以提升区域旅游创新的整体水平。

关键词: 旅游创新, 协调发展, 二象对偶理论, 珠江三角洲

Abstract:

Based on interduality theory, the regional tourism innovation system is divided into the state subsystem and the process subsystem which characterize the innovation ability and innovation efficiency, respectively. Focusing on nine cities in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, this study develops the index system and the evaluation model of coordinated development in tourism innovation. In addition, the innovation ability, the innovation level of the subsystem, and the degree of inter-city coordination are derived from relevant statistical data. The evaluation, calculation and classification results of the comprehensive development level and the coordinated level of the innovation subsystem show that the developmental differences in tourism innovation of the nine cities could be characterized as a U-shaped pattern. The tourism innovation ability of Guangzhou and Zhongshan is good but with a low coordination degree, while both of the indexes are good for Shenzhen. For the remaining six cities, the comprehensive level of tourism innovation is low; however, their coordination degree is high. Therefore, to promote the coordinated development of tourism innovation in the nine PRD cities and thereby enhance the overall level of regional tourism innovation, the following measures should be taken. First, effective measures should be taken to increase investment in tourism innovation, initiate favorable policies of tourism innovation, ensure a beneficial environment for tourism innovation, and create a positive atmosphere for tourism innovation. Emphasis should be placed on the areas with low-level tourism innovation; constant improvements should be applied to the innovation mechanism in those areas and innovative talents and funds should be provided continuously, which turn to the learning region of tourism innovation. Second, innovation within the tourism industry is expected to be strengthened and the productivity of tourism innovation should be enhanced. We should comprehensively improve the overall quality of the employees, train innovative talents, and vigorously promote the construction of tourist talent tanks. Third, it must be acknowledged that regional cooperation will deliver growth across regions. In order to accelerate the diffusion and spillover of tourism innovation, the effect of spatial proximity on tourism innovation should be exaggerated. For example, in terms of tourism innovation, Hong Kong and Macao can exert a leading influence on the Pearl River Delta; meanwhile, Guangzhou and Shenzhen should cooperate with other cities in order to promote the coordinated development of regional tourism innovation. At the same time, we should actively guide the rational allocation of tourism innovation resources among regions, and promote the relevant industries to support tourism innovation in the special regions.

Key words: tourism innovation, coordinated innovation, Interduality Theory, Pearl River Delta (PRD)