地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 2039-2057.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201810013

• • 上一篇    下一篇

日本旅游地理学的百年传统与演进

金玉实(), 赵玉宗   

  1. 青岛大学旅游与地理科学学院,青岛 266071
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-14 出版日期:2018-10-20 发布日期:2018-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:金玉实(1973- ),女,吉林长白人,博士,研究方向为旅游地理、乡村旅游等。E-mail: jinyushi2005@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金项目(ZR2015030002);青岛市双百调研项目(2011-B-10)

Centennial research process of tourism geography in Japan

Yushi JIN(), Yuzong ZHAO   

  1. School of Tourism and Geographical Science, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, China
  • Received:2018-04-14 Online:2018-10-20 Published:2018-11-20
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

以日本出版的旅游地理学著作和主要地理类学术期刊刊载的旅游地理学相关论文为线索,总结和述评日本旅游地理研究的历史演进与特点。日本旅游地理学经历了近一个世纪的研究历程,学科发展始终与其社会发展及旅游方式的阶段性变迁相应。经历第二次世界大战前的萌芽,旅游大众化时代的学科初创与成长后,已步入了旅游个性化时代的多元发展期,在传承与创新中逐渐形成了自身的研究特色,并确立了独立分支学科的地位。基于区域地理(地志学)视角,偏重微观空间尺度的旅游地实证研究已沉淀成为日本旅游地理学的研究特色。同时,旅游发展形势与学术研究的转向对日本旅游地理学研究视角、研究方法、学际和国际交流方面也提出了新的要求。而比较成熟的旅游地区域研究方法与研究范式、代际传承实践对中国旅游地理学研究具有一定的启示与借鉴意义。

关键词: 旅游地理学, 研究概况, 历史演进, 日本

Abstract:

In this paper, the historical evolution and development characteristics of research on tourism geography in Japan are introduced through literature reviews on major geographic journals and academic books of tourism geography. According to historical background and current academic research, the development of tourism geography in Japan is divided into four stages: (1) Emergence stage (before the WWII): the tremendous literatures concerning tourist handbooks before the Meiji Restoration with the religious tourism development were rich in tourism geographical knowledge. The international tourism after the Meiji Restoration attracted academic attentions and participation of famous geographers, which laid a foundation for the following tourism geography. Overall, research accumulation in this stage was very limited and no explicit idea of tourism geography was formed. (2) Start-up stage (WWII-1970s): as entering into the age of mass tourism, the rapid growth of tourism demands and updating of tourism supply influenced regional environment and society significantly. Geographers show more and more concern on tourism. They enriched research contents, began to make theoretical explorations on tourism geography and established an independent discipline preliminarily. (3) Development stage (late 1970s-early 1990s): the tourism development enthusiasm promoted by leisure sports, popularization of vacation and bubble economy were changing Japan profoundly, which provided abundant research materials for tourism geography. Research width and depth increased significantly. The research theories and scientificalness of tourism geography further enhanced. The formation of a group of tourism geographical experts was the talent foundation for professional development of tourism geography. (4) Pluralism development stage (middle 1990s-): the tourism leisure became rational, personalized and diversified. Emerging tourisms occurred continuously and the international tourism market became increasingly active. Research spatial range and perspective of tourism geography further expanded. Regional-based research was developed after long-term theoretical explorations and accumulation. It was determined by a professional discipline. Research on tourism geography in Japan started early and has been developed academically for nearly one century. Unique features have been formed through continuous theoretical and methodological explorations and developments. Regional-based research, which is the key of Japan's tourism geographical study, especially based on micro-space unit, is relatively mature and has accumulated a number of cases. Diversification and internationalization of tourism geography study began to be manifested. Meanwhile, it is faced with various challenges, such as macro-research shortage, oversimplified research methods, weak applicability, inadequate interdisciplinary researches, low international level, etc.

Key words: tourism geography, research, progress, Japan