地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (11): 2153-2164.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201811003

所属专题: 人口与城市研究

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

开发区流动人口生计资本测量及生计空间特征分析——以广州南沙新区为例

杨振山1,2(), 王玉璇3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,区域可持续发展分析与模拟实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 香港大学地理学系,中国香港 999077
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-06 修回日期:2018-09-04 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨振山(1979- ),男,新疆博乐人,博士,主要从事城市与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: yangzs@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41530751);中国科学院青年创新促进研究会优秀会员(2014042);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所可帧青年人才计划(2016RC101)

Livelihood capital space of migrants in economic development zones: A case study of Nansha New District, Guangzhou

Zhenshan YANG1,2(), Yuxuan WANG3   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Regional Sustainable Development and Modelling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Hongkong 999077, China
  • Received:2018-06-06 Revised:2018-09-04 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-23
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

开发区在中国城市与区域发展中作为经济活动和流动人口的聚集区域发挥着重要作用。基于对南沙新区流动人口的问卷调查与访谈,从生计空间的角度测量流动人口的生计资本,分析其生计空间特征,并与当地居民进行比较。研究发现,流动人口在开发区的生计空间存在延伸或压缩。其中,经济空间得到了延伸,制度空间、社交空间、公共服务空间、居住空间等存在不同程度的压缩。经济空间的扩张是吸引流动人口在开发区就业的主要因素,但其余空间的压缩和经济空间的有限延伸使流动人口在进入后缓慢外迁。因此,改善开发区流动人口的生计空间,对于提升城市工业工人的生活条件,制定城市一体化发展战略,促进城市社会空间整体提升具有重要意义。

关键词: 开发区, 流动人口, 生计空间, 空间生产, 广州南沙新区

Abstract:

Economic development zones play an important role in urban and regional development. They have become a magnet for capital and migrant flows, which stimulate various production relations, and gradually turn into new social space, with important significance to inclusive urban and regional development. Previous efforts of special economic zones, however, place great emphasis on economic development, with few considerations of social development. Although this problem has attracted much attention, there is lack of a systematic view of livelihood of migrants, which results in incomplete understanding and policy approaches to improve social inclusive development of economic development zones. With an empirical study on Nansha New District in Guangzhou, this paper attempts to establish a multidimensional analytical framework of livelihood space to facilitate an understanding of livelihood capital of migrants. The result shows that the livelihood space of migrants in the economic development zone has both expansion and compression compared to their hometowns or other areas. Migrants in Nansha have dramatically improved their livelihood. But compared to the locals, their livelihood capital is still lower. Overall, their economic space has been extended, while the policy space, public service space and residential space are compressed. The compression and extension of the livelihood space of migrants has the relationship of mutual restraint or promotion, which together constructs the unique livelihood space of migrants. The household registration system is an important influencing factor. In addition, the willingness of migrants to stay in the development zone has complex formation mechanism and livelihood capital shows little impact. Therefore, a better livelihood space of the migrants in the development zone is of great significance to improve the living conditions of industrial workers in the city and shape the development strategy of inclusive urban development. These findings can contribute to Lefebvre's theory of space production, pointing out that there is a continual process from production to social space and the latter is increasingly important.

Key words: economic development zone, migrants, livelihood space, production of space, Nansha New District