1. Institute of European Civilization, College of Geography and Environmental Science, Institute of Free Economic Zone, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China 2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China 3. Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100070, China 4. Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation, Beijing 100710, China 5. Institute of Free Trade Zone, Research Institute of Maritime Silk-Road and Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao International Cooperation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China 6. World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA 7. Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China 8. Institute of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
The planning and development of the Hainan Pilot Free Trade Zone and Free Trade Port is not only out of the needs of Hainan's development, but also an important measure and a strategic step for China to deepen reforms, expand opening up, achieve economic transformation and respond to international competitions and challenges. The current related research has carried out preliminary discussions on the necessity, feasibility, mode and implementation measures of the Hainan Pilot Free Trade Zone, but lacks in-depth and systematic study on the planning and development of the Hainan Free Trade Port. This paper collects the views of several scholars who have been engaged in research on geography, economics and planning for a long time, and focuses on the types and functions, industrial development, spatial structure, policy and regulations, as well as risk prevention of the forthcoming Hainan Free Trade Port, in an attempt to spur further debates among the policy-makers and academic community. It has, both theoretically and practically, significant importance for enriching the academic research on free trade zones and the planning and development of the Hainan Free Trade Port.
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2018, 37(12): 2363-2382.
ZHU Fulin et al
. Hainan of China: The evolution from a special economic zone to a comprehensive and compound free trade port[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH,
2018, 37(12): 2363-2382.
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Free economic zone (FEZ) has a long history and plays a more and more important role in the world economy. Most studies, however, focused on the theoretical analysis of benefit and cost as well as the economic role of FEZ in the less developed countries and little attention has been paid to the evolution of FEZ. This paper will improve the above-mentioned studies and put forward the structural and spatial evolutionary model of FEZ by analyzing the development of objectives, preferential policy, governance structure, industrial sectors and location of FEZs based on the international economic and political development. FEZs develop towards: 1) more comprehensive and macro objectives, 2) more industry-oriented and multi-preferential policies, 3) more cross-national and combination zones with administrative areas, 4) more technology-intensive and multi-industries, 5) more flexible location and larger spatial dimensions, 6) more rapid evolution and typologies, and 7) more economic integration to the host economy.